After the time of financial crisis, JP Morgan was not the only national bank in US which got involved in trade of toxic loans related to mortgage. Before JP Morgan, it was Goldman Sachs-another large US Bank that faced the allegation of manipulating the trades in its own self interes, ended up in favor of SEC while GoldMan Sachs were asked to pay $500 Million during late 2011 in a deal called Abascus 2007-AC1 where the bank were alleged to mislead its investors on a deal related to Collateral Debt Obligation(CDO). (Eaglesham, 2011) The ab...
An article released by The Securities and Exchange Commission, on August 6, 2014, stated “The Securities and Exchange Commission today charge Bank of America and two subsidiaries with defrauding investors in an offering of residential mortgage backed securities (RMBS) by failing to disclose key risks and misrepresenting facts about the underlying mortgages”. (Jackson, G. 2013) Dating back to 2008, Bank of America sold mortgage securities backed by more than $855 million in residential mortgages. (Touryalai, H. 2013. Bank Of America Sold) Bank of Americas Mortgage Securities (BOAMS) were offered and sold as prime securities that were appropriate for most conservatives residential mortgage backed security investors. (Jackson, G. 2013) “The MBS (Mortgaged backed securities) collapsed during the financial crisis as the quality of the loans packaged within it collapsed. This led to investor’s losses of more than $100 million”. (Jackson, G. 2013)
These individuals purchased items under pretense thinking they would be able to buy a home despite their mishaps such as outstanding medical debts, divorce issues and unemployment factors that Countrywide was willing to disregard. “Countrywide creates specialized divisions to work to help the borrowers and actively informed their customers about their options (Ferrell, 2011) p.388.” Therefore, allowing these poor people to own their property would be a dream that could come true, which was a misleading strategy. In fact, throughout the article, I would find examples of various ways this dream became a nightmare. For example, a lot of these homes were funding through government access, which means, we all know the amount of trouble an individual can encounter from defrauding the government. However, Countrywide neglected to look beyond the consumer’s purchasing of the property. In fact, the company did manage to supply the user with the funds for purchasing the property and making the return payment process economically convenient for the customers to repay. However, they never explored the risk factors or expose the users to the entire loan process. These methods cause a great strain on the company by making them appear as dishonest and the customers by making them leery of entrusting any other organization these are the ethics that caused the meltdown of Countrywide financial
Foreclosure epidemic was a factor in the global economic crisis, forcing devastating consumer loans and the banks to reduce or even close their doors.
Sub prime lending means making loans that are in the riskiest category of consumer loans. It is lending to borrowers with bad credit, limited debt experience, a history of missed payments and recorded bankruptcies. With a subprime loan there’s a higher risk that the lender doesn’t get paid back, and so a higher interest rate is charged due to the greater risk for the lender.
CountryWide was a financial corporation the gained notary through sub-prime lending. CountryWide gave out great loans to individuals who wouldn’t be able to get a loan under any other circumstance. Some individuals did the adjustable mortgage rate or balloon payments at little upfront money in order to become homeowners. Subprime lending was a big deal back in the early 2000’s. CountryWide made a significant amount of profit from subprime lending. In late 2007, is when the mortgage crisis hit. Many people defaulted on their loans and banking institutions was failing. The investors felt the pinch of this crisis. CountryWide CEO Mozilo, knew that it would end badly but kept pushing his team to bring in those sales. They even went after
When J.P Morgan swooped in and bought up Bear Sterns and Washington Mutual, they also bought up their legal troubles. Bear Sterns was heavily involved in the business of packaging and reselling subprime mortgage backed securities, while Washington Mutual was one of the most active retail mortgage lenders. Bear Sterns claimed to be performing due diligence to assure its mortgage packing was sound, but its implementation was flawed and improperly gave way to originators demands. Washington Mutual was also responsible for allowing a number of mortgage loans that didn’t conform to underwriting standards into the securitizations. These poorly vetted mortgages were offloaded to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac then, by extension, to the American Taxpayers.
During 2008, America suffered one of the worst financial crises since the Great Depression. The first indication that the economy was in danger was when the housing prices started to decline in 2006. Initially, it wasn’t seen as a threat. Realtors felt that the overheated market would safely return to a sustainable level. What they didn’t realize was that there was a dangerously high number of homeowners with questionable credit ratings who had loans for 100% and sometimes more of their home’s value. Banks resold these mortgages as part of mortgage-backed securities. It was originally thought that the problems with subprime mortgages would remain
Subprime debts are loans that do not conform to the criteria for “prime” or “conforming” debts, and thus are expected to have a lower probability of full repayment. This assessment is usually made based on the borrower’s credit history and score, debt service-to-income (DTI) ratio, and/or loan-to-value (LTV) ratio. In the United States (US), borrowers with low credit scores, DTIs above 55 percent, and/or LTV ratio over 85 percent are likely to be considered subprime, reflecting the greater difficulty subprime borrowers have in making down-payments and the propensity of these borrowers to extract equity during refinancing. “Alt-A” loans fall into a gray area between prime and subprime
Countrywide Financial was an organization that was considered too big to fail, because of the large ranging impact its failure would have on multiple stakeholders throughout the world. Furthermore, the company carried billions of dollars in mortgaged home loans and was considered to be the largest home loan provider in the United States. But, somehow unknowingly to regulators this organization created a culture and environment within its organization of widespread corruption with unethical financial reporting. Sadly, the leaders of Countrywide Mortgage pursued greed instead of the financial security that its customers were seeking.