Most believe that World War II benefited women in the workforce. But did it really? World War II created war-related jobs and caused a large amount of men and voluntary enlistees. During World War II women played a part in the workforce in a way that was unpredicted in the U.S. history. The two pre existing factors of moral rights and society’s stereotypes collided with one another as the traditional female gender roles were diminished from war opportunities.
Women then took their stand and many acts were passes in their favor. In this essay I shall be discussing the many different requirements women went through during World War II, their postwar abilities, and the discussion of what the men in the past had against the women of today. The war's demand, the war had made the proposition to the women to do the man's work (Leahy, pg.35). Women were encouraged to take these jobs for the first time in history. To some it was a shock but to many it was a divine privilege.
As women began to enter the male work force and achieve pride and an income, they became oblivious to the war... ... middle of paper ... ...he was not on the home front, she was a WAC officer. Never before this time had women been given the chance to help defend this country as much as during WWII, non the less a black woman. It was a major break through. The help that Fraser provided towards the war cause enabled her to achieve the GI Bill. She used it in her full advantage (128).
Although it had got worse since the end of the war it should be recognised that women's role in society had been greatly improved since the days before the First World War. During the Second World War many of the men were conscripted to go away to war. This meant that their jobs now needed to be filled in order for the country to work., women got jobs in all areas of employment from working in manual labour to working in banks. They also managed to prove that they could do the jobs just as well as men and were able to work in jobs that had previously been for men only. Gaining all these new jobs had been a huge leap towards women gaining equality with men, however when the men returned from war most if the women lost their war time jobs.
During the war, women played a huge part and showed great patriotic support. In the work place, they replaced men, in shops, factories, government office and transportation systems like driving because men were called to the front line, this change had to be made so the country could function. Women finally had economical and financial independence due to them working. The dependence on men was decreased dramatically. Prior to this, traditional men and government used the excuse that women were weak-minded and to emotional to vote.
This interpretation of Rosie was firmly entrenched in the concept of women entering the workforce as their patriotic duty. In the painting you can see that Rosie is stomping on a copy of Mein Kampf, Adolf Hitler’s 1925 autobiography and political manifesto. The message was clear; although men did the physical fighting on the frontlines, women were also doing their part to defeat the enemy (Hawkes). The war industry during WWII gave women the opportunity to earn their own living and contribute to the war effort. The imagery of “Riveters” we are accustomed to serve as an allegory; the war propaganda used “Rosie” as a metaphorical representation of the millions of women (of all colors and socio-economic classes) who took action during war time when patriarchal order was relaxed.
Before 1939, women were looked at as weak, incompetent and incapable of doing a man’s job. However, when World War II broke out, women were called to maintain the jobs that the men once occupied and t became evident that America’s best chance for success in World War II would have to include the efforts of American females. Women played a key role during World War II in the U.S. More than six million women took wartime jobs in factories, three million volunteered with the Red Cross, and over 200,000 served in the military. Through these jobs women were able to show society that they were capable of doing bigger and better things. Women also realized that they enjoyed this taste of freedom and wanted to continue this lifestyle even after the war.
Men were being sent out to war, women were recruited actively in working forces. Despite the contribution of women to the war, they were still seen as secondary to men. Because of that, the hope for equality in gender in the United States grew even stronger after World War II.
Women jumped at the idea of working to gain money while their “breadwinner” was fighting in the war because it let them taste what it means to be considered a working citizen. Although, they would not let go of the big step towards gaining equal rights to men. Women pushed further and the Joint Resolution was passed on May 19th, 1919 by Congress allowing women the right to vote and extends the right to suffrage to women making their dreams to be an American citizen a reality (Doc. 6). They... ... middle of paper ... ...ued because of what they have done.
Women have made astonishing contributions throughout World War One. They have not only justified their duties as wives and mothers, but have used their everyday skills to be able to support in the Great War. Women had been considered to be reliant on men for financial support and so because of the War they began to earn money for their families to become independent. They have helped in the war and the economy by being nurses, doing labor jobs, farming and many other jobs which they were not comfortable with. War without women must not have been possible.