This act outlawed all Chinese immigration to the U.S. and denied citizenship to those already settled within the country. Revived in 1892 and extended fully in 1902, the Chinese population decreased till the act was repealed in 1943 by the Magnuson Act. Taxes and Laws Many Western states passed discriminatory laws that made it tough for Chinese and Japanese immigrants to have land and get work. A number of these Anti-Chinese laws were the Foreign Miners' licensing fee that needed a monthly payment of 3 bucks from each foreign laborer. Foreign Chinese couldn't become voters as a result the Naturalization Act of 1790 that reserved naturalized citizenship to "free white persons".
The term, “illegal aliens”, which is used to describe undocumented immigrants, dehumanized individuals and disregards their rights as people living in the United States. Other “code words” include “handouts” and “welfare queen” (Omi & Winat, 2014). Lastly, Neoliberals support the creation of race neutral policies, or policies that do not benefit one race over another. In today’s society, blacks and other minorities are severely disadvantaged and underrepresented, and by eliminating policies to support said people, they lose their ability to close the value gap between themselves and white people, as well as their voice to argue in favor of change in the public
This brings me to the second reason why commentators opposed Chinese exclusion that is Chinese immigrants were excluded because of the way they looked. In 1904, Wong Kim Ark an American born Chinese was refused entry into the United States on returning from China. He was not allowed to enter because the immigration officer deemed he was not a citizen based on the way he looked, and he was excluded under the Chinese exclusion act. Moreover, Chinese living in America post the Chinese exclusion act were made to wear a badge. (doc 5).
Korematsu case was to be heard by the courts (judges). In conclusion, African Americans and Japanese Americans both felt extreme racism and weren’t treated as equals. While one was fighting for equal rights overall over a long time period, Korematsu was fighting for the rights that were stripped during WWII. The U.S. fought WWII for democracy and freedom, but stripped the freedom of the Japanese Americans while African Americans “weren’t considered in American democracy.” It won’t be until 1946 that the last Japanese camp is closed and won’t be until 1964 that equality is established amongst all. Works Cited john Mach Faragher out of many volume 2
The abuses did not stop there. After the Pearl Harbor bombing in 1941, the Americans treated the Japanese even more poorly than before. Americans viewed anyone of Japanese descent as dangerous and disloyal (Ikeda). This led to the signing of the Executive Order 9066 by President Roosevelt in February 1942 which allowed the military to remove Japanese Americans from their homes and put them into internment camps (Ikeda). Because of these discriminating views made by the Americans, Japanese Americans suffered from a variety of effects in their relocation camps.
However the pains of World War II and the racial internment shadow their lives. The internment of Japanese- Americans is not just a stain on the United States Constitution, but on the morals of America. Japanese- Americans suffered several injustices by the federal and local government and by members of their own communities that did not stop at their relocation to the desert. In order to understand the background of the book. I needed to research the attack on Pearl Harbor and other events that lead to the incarceration of American citizens.
Additionally, they were deemed as a threat to the white supremacy in the West. In order to bring this racial threat to light, many Anti-Chinese activists’ compared the new immigrants to African Americans in that both were believed to be inherently inferior savages only suitable for degrading labor in which they were often employed (Lee 34). However, the strongest argument against the Chinese focused on them being unwilling and incapable of assimilating into society. In the ... ... middle of paper ... ...ttitudes, habits, and values. He believed, “These men of many nations must be taught the American ways, the English language, and the right way to live (Gjerde 325).
The British also thought of it as more land for the Empire even if people were alr... ... middle of paper ... ...rt of the Apartheid and the segregation of the population of South Africa being split up into three groups of people. The blacks the multiracial and the white group which led to the blacks and the multiracial being abused and oppressed by the white people who humiliated them with their petty Apartheid laws and how they couldn’t use the same park bench as someone of a different race. My conclusion of why the South African government introduced the Apartheid was because they felt insecure about the black people taking over and ruling the country which could have led to the whites being kicked out of South Africa and also they must have felt that they were more powerful than the black man and that they could push them around because they had technology, or they could not get on well with people from other races or people who weren’t from their own group.
Out of the everlasting fear of racial superiority, panic of attack and suspicion of the Japanese in the United States, on February 19, 1942, just two months after the attacks, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 that called upon the evacuation of over 110,000 Japanese Americans to internment camps in the west coast. This order violated the constitutional rights by ruthlessly forcing thousands of innocent Japanese Americans to abandon everything they had to move into the poorly conditioned internment camps. Japanese Americans suffered immensely due to the racial struggles and consequences of the Executive Order 9066. After the Pearl Harbor attack rumors spread that Japanese Americans sought to sabotage the war effort in loyalty to Japan although none had ever shown disloyalty to the nation. Americans feared disloyalty of Japanese citizens, they believed that even American-born and raised Japanese were an “unassailable race [that can’t fit into American culture].” Some Americans believed that Asians should be deported to “preserve white racial purity.” The order stated that the internments were necessary due to the, “successful prosecution of the war [that] requires every possible protection against espionage and against sabotage to natio... ... middle of paper ... ... internment camp was closed in 1945.
Immigrants were greatly persecuted during this time as well. Americans believed that these newcomers were stealing jobs and were the cause of the slums and increased poverty in the states. Americans who strongly disapproved of immigrants were nativist. Gilded nativist was strongly opposed to the southern and eastern European migrants. Feeling pressured Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act that banned any new Chinese immigrants.