In Martin Luther King’s “I have a dream speech” and Abraham Lincoln’s “Gettysburg address,” the two men employ rhetorical strategies in order to show the public the need for a better world. Two men from different backgrounds and different times both advocate for equality. Although Abraham wrote the Gettysburg Address way before Martin Luther King’s I have a dream speech, the two speeches are connected through semantics and rhetoric. King and Lincoln both use the same strategies in the making of their speeches. A hundred years and about three wars fall between the two speeches and yet they still are advocating for the same thing in a similar way. With a speech more than 15 minutes long, Martin Luther King was able to capture the vision and ideas of Lincoln and also influence countless generations of families about racial equality and fairness. Although short, Lincoln’s letter conveys his message quickly. The relationship between semantics and rhetoric in both speeches stem from the understanding of the entire message from both speeches. King and Lincoln use rhetoric in order to create semantics in their speeches. First we will look at the rhetorical devices used in Martin Luther King’s speech and how he effectively uses ethos, pathos, logos, and numerous helpful devices to make a point that segregation needs to end. Next we will look how Lincoln uses certain parallel structure and repetition to also address the need for ending segregation. Although the same messages are being introduced in their speeches, some rhetoric’s are different. After looking at different strategies that King and Lincoln used we will look at the intertextual relationship between the two speeches and how they are related beyond their words. Finally in a ... ... middle of paper ... ...The nation breathes, grows, and needs protection just like a child. Lincoln continues by saying “Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation, so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure” as if he is unsure if the nation can bounce back. Lincoln is sure to incorporate “we” so that the audience knows that even though the nation is being tested he is still a part of the nation. Also, Lincoln cleverly began his speech four score and seven years ago which places the beginning of the nation not at the Constitution but at the signing of the Declaration of Independence. In the next couple of lines, Lincoln continues to bring the audience together by the successive use of “we” in the beginning of each thought. “But in a larger sense...” Lincoln says “…we cannot dedicate - we cannot consecrate - we cannot hallow - this Ground.”
Martin Luther King Junior’s “I have a dream speech” is an important and famous speech in history, and even still a today a wonderful speech. What makes kings speech so grate? It’s his knowledge of figurative language. By using figurative language, he made people know how bad segregation was. King’s use of figurative language makes excellent examples on the effective use of metaphors.
During the 1960s inequality was a major problem in the United States. One advocate for making things right was Dr. Martin Luther King. Dr. King organized many marches, sit-ins, and boycotting events. But one of Dr. King’s greatest and memorable works has to be the “I Have a Dream” speech. During this speech Dr. King was conveying a message of freedom for all, to 250,000 civil right followers and many more people listening to the radio broadcast. To spread his message Dr. King uses rhetorical appeals like logos to appeal to the reason of his audience, ethos by his examples of practicing what he preached, and his metaphorical language and repetition.
Lincoln’s use of metaphors and personification in the ending paragraph is there to represent the coming together for the good of our country. “To bind up the nation's wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and orphan to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and last peace.” The use of this metaphor not only shows a repair but a loss of a brotherhood, Lincoln portrayed this struggle to help reset the peaceful brotherhood that was lost in the bloody battlefields during the Civil
If one is to look at Lincoln’s speech, “A House Divided Against Itself Cannot Stand”, one would find Lincoln’s younger, more brash self. To start, he boldly goes to declare that, “A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave an...
On August 28th, 1963, Martin Luther King Jr. spoke at the Lincoln Memorial concerning the Civil Rights movement. His speech resonated throughout the nation as his passionate and commanding voice resounded over the fields that lay before the Lincoln Memorial. Many consider this speech the “epitome of modern Rhetoric.” In his speech, King utilizes the three disciplines of Rhetoric, ethos, pathos, and logos, with finesse and skill.
President Lincoln combines tone, diction, and syntax in his speech highlight his purpose of uniting a separated nation. His optimistic tone and diction enable the listeners to gain a positive attitude towards the unification of America. President Lincoln’s syntax also foreshadows his vision of a reunited America. The usage of these rhetorical devices allowed Lincoln to create the United States of America as one nation under God, indivisible.
From the steps of the Lincoln Memorial more than two score years ago, Dr. Martin Luther King electrified America with his momentous "I Have a Dream" speech. Aimed at the entire nation, King’s main purpose in this speech was to convince his audience to demand racial justice towards the mistreated African Americans and to stand up together for the rights afforded to all under the Constitution. To further convey this purpose more effectively, King cleverly makes use of the rhetorical devices — ethos, pathos and logos — using figurative language such as metaphors and repetition as well as various other techniques e.g. organization, parallel construction and choice of title.
In the essay by Garry Willis called “Two Speeches Based Upon Race”, he references important beliefs that Lincoln held about the United States while also referencing Obama who had a subtle theme that is also present in some of Martin Luther King Jr’s writings.
Although there are almost one hundred years separating Abraham Lincoln’s second inaugural address and Dr. Martin Luther King. Jr.’s letter from a Birmingham jail, these men are connected through their writings. Three ways that Abraham Lincoln and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. are connected in their writings, is through their missions to free the oppressed, their use of scripture and biblical examples, and their disgust with the injustices, which led to the tragedy they both shared in being assassinated for their efforts of civil justice and maintaining peace.
President Lincoln’s speech “The Gettysburg Address” was extremely influential on the nation. In this speech Lincoln addresses where the United States was at this time, where the nation had been before, and where the nation was going in the future. He motivated America to come together and unite as one, and stated we as a nation must not let our soldiers die in vain. Throughout the speech he uses strong diction, and appeals to ethos and pathos.
Thought the 1950s and 1960s, the tension between those who agreed and disagreed with segregation and discrimination of African Americans increased. The African American community was sick and tired of just being pushed around, so they began to stand up for themselves. Many people didn’t warm up to this idea, but, due to the many inspiring speeches given throughout the movement by Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, and others, they started to involve themselves in the movement. Two of those speeches were “Message to the Grassroots” by Malcolm X and “I Have a Dream” by Martin Luther King. Even though both people had very different view on how this movement should have been like, they used similar rhetorical techniques in there speeches as a way to
Speeches are a method of persuading people to do something. For Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X, their speeches were to bring equality for the people of color. However, their approaches are different. Consequently, the effects may be different. An example of their contrasting differences is a speech from each, King’s “I Have a Dream” and X’s “The Black Revolution”. Their speeches used pathos, a central metaphor, and a warning, but was presented differently.
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was the leader of the civil rights movement in the 1960’s. His speech, entitled “I Have a Dream” was given in front of the Lincoln Memorial on August 28, 1963. Dr. King used his speech as a rally for people, blacks and whites alike, who desired equality and social justice, but there is so much more to it than what appears on the surface. Dr. King employs a number of stylistic techniques, all of which serving a purpose too subtle for the naked eye to pick up. Dr. King uses the stylistic techniques of word choice, metaphors, and repetition to fuel hope and bring about change.
In his book On the Sublime, Longinus rhetorically identifies five principal elements to the art of mastering sublimity, through the use of written texts. Longinus defines sublimity as, “a kind of eminence or excellence of discourse […] sublimity on the other hand, produced at the right moment, tears everything up like a whirlwind and exhibits the orator’s power at a single blow” (Longinus 347). However, there is great jeopardy when writers seek to produce subliminal messages. Longinus describes the difference between messages being falsely and truly sublime. He characterizes false sublimity as “puerile” and bombastic. True sublimity will touch the audience’s heart; it goes beyond words, allowing emotion to run through. Furthermore, Longinus outlines the five rhetorical principles in order to achieve sublimity. (1) Ethos: Greatness of Thoughts, (2) Pathos: Emotion, (3) Pathos: Figures of Speech Logos, (4) Logos: Nobile Diction, and (5) Logos: Arrangement. Blacks for year’s fought hard to receive equal rights to those whites had. The late 1950s, early 1960s was a turning point for African-Americans with the establishment of the Civil Rights Era. The Civil Rights Era represented a social movement for blacks in hopes of ending racial segregation and discrimination, especially in the Jim Crow Deep South. At the forefront of this movement was Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who sought equality for the poor, victims of injustice, and African-Americans, by advocating peaceful protests. On August 28, 1963, King delivered one of the most memorable speeches of all time during the March on Washington. The mastering of Longinus’s five principals of the sublime is exemplified in King’s “I Have a Dream” speech. Moreover, the last couple of minutes o...
On November 19 1865, at the height of the U.S. Civil War, I delivered a short address at a battlefield in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (“LINCOLN'S WORDS”). My address was stated after the four years of fighting that took place between the Union and the Confederacy from 1861-1865. I reassured that my address laid stress on freedom and equality (“LINCOLN’S WORDS”). I also recalled the fighting in Gettysburg, which took tens of thousands of lives of the Union and Confederate soldiers (“LINCOLN’S WORDS”). I was completely blindsided that not only would my address at Gettysburg would be noted by the world, but also become one of the most important in history.