In Abraham Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address, President Lincoln addresses a divided nation. Both the Union and the Confederacy are bitter to each other towards the end of the war. However, Lincoln calls both the north and the south to set aside their issues that divided them in order to heal their broken nation. Lincoln uses a slew of rhetorical methods in his speech such as tone, diction, and syntax to further assist him in achieving his purpose of uniting the nation. Lincoln’s optimistic tone encourages all Americans to put behind them the Civil War and progress forward as a united nation once more. President Lincoln calls to action all the peoples of America with sentences such as, “let us strive on to finish the work we are in” and “ to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace”. The tone that President Lincoln capitalizes on is purposefully optimistic because he hopes to end the war and move past the issue of slavery, among others, which has divided the nation, and he wishes to safeguard the nations reunification. Lincoln’s tone also has hortative sentences such as asking the American people to “strive”. President Lincoln also wishes to rid both sides of any grudges or rancor they may feel towards one another for the war by reflecting that “all sought to avert it” and by articulating, “Neither party expected for the war the magnitude or the duration which it…attained”. And towards the end of his speech, Lincoln calls the nation to be unified “with malice towards none, with charity for all” so that their minds and souls may be cleared of any ill will in order for the nation’s reunification to be permanent and not just superficial. President Lincoln evokes the nation as a whole to a higher degree in hop... ... middle of paper ... ... sought to avert it.” The different sentence lengths might resemble the difference among northerners and southerners, and Lincoln’s desire to bring them together and create a strong nation. The syntax uses by Lincoln emphasizes the goal of uniting a divided nation by combining different sentence lengths in order to create a legendary speech, illustrating that combining the Union and Confederacy will create a legendary nation. President Lincoln combines tone, diction, and syntax in his speech highlight his purpose of uniting a separated nation. His optimistic tone and diction enable the listeners to gain a positive attitude towards the unification of America. President Lincoln’s syntax also foreshadows his vision of a reunited America. The usage of these rhetorical devices allowed Lincoln to create the United States of America as one nation under God, indivisible.
The Gettysburg Address given by President Lincoln in the November following the Battle of Gettysburg acted as a call to arms. This speech gave the North a sense of pride and reassured them that they did have a chance at winning the Civil War. In The Gettysburg Address, Lincoln tells the audience not to let the men who died in the battle die in vain he tells them that their dedication will lead to a “new birth of freedom” in the nation(document D). This newly found sense of pride and hope led confidence which was something that the Confederate army was lacking at the
Disapproval, the Confederacy, and slavery were amongst the many crises Abraham Lincoln faced when addressing his First Inaugural speech (Lincoln, First Inaugural, p.37). Above all, Lincoln’s speech was stepping on the boundaries of the southern slave states. Once states began to secede, new territories formed and the disapproval of Lincoln grew. Despite Lincoln’s attempts of unifying the antislavery and confederate views, many whites refused to follow his untraditional beliefs. Lincoln encountered hostile and admirable emotions from the people of the Union and the Confederacy. However, despite his representation of the Union, not everyone agreed with his views.
By the time of his speech South Carolina, Mississippi, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Louisiana and Texas had already seceded from the Union. In his speech Lincoln had three main points: “to hold, occupy, and possess the property and places belonging to the government,” secession was impossible because the Union was unbreakable, and that any use of arms against the United States would be met with force but he would never be first to attack (Grafton 80). Lincoln aspired to increase his support in the North without alienating the South where most disliked him in fear of the end of slavery. In his speech however, Lincoln made it clear that his intention was not to interfere with slavery quoting “I have no purpose, directly, or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the States where it exists. I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so” (Grafton 81). In hope to make amends with the South Lincoln closed by saying “We are not enemies, but friends. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield, and patriot grave, to every living heart and hearthstone, all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature” (Grafton 81). Although meant to unify the North and South, this address had a larger impact on another
President Abraham Lincoln used many rhetorical devices to explain the effects of the civil war. Lincoln wanted the north and south to put their differences behind them and unite, to become a single unified country. Many people were surprised by Lincoln’s second inaugural speech, it was shorter than his first. He didn’t take very long to get his point a crossed about how the war would make him feel. Lincoln had hope that the country would turn around. That it would unify against all evils or troubles.
Abraham Lincoln served as the president of the United States for the entirety of the American Civil War from 1861 to 1865. He began his second term on March 4, 1865, nearing the end of the Civil War that had divided the nation. In his second inaugural address, Lincoln discusses the disastrous war and how it has separated the country and encourages peace between the two opposing sides. Lincoln effectively constructs his argument that Americans themselves must collectively work towards peace and restoration of their nation by adopting an ardent diction, an optimistic tone, and references to religious texts.
In 1863, Abraham Lincoln delivered an iconic speech paying respects to the soldiers who fought the Battle Of Gettysburg. His words oozed with emotions that resonated with people of a nation that have been burned out by the tragedy of war. He conducts a call- to-action for the American citizen to honor those who lost their lives, as they move forward and regain their strength and unity. He uses moves such as diction, allusion, contrast, as well as repetition to articulate his thoughts in a clear effective speech. His credibility can be found in his admiration and respect for these servicemen throughout the speech; Nevertheless the rest of the speech he successfully expresses a series of emotional appeals, ones that pertain to America’s responsibilities.
Boom! A gunshot at a theatre is heard... and unfortunately a great leader falls a week after giving a very famous speech called the second inaugural address of Abraham Lincoln. This essay is called upon and told to his fellow countrymen of both the north and south so that we all come as one. The author argues to the occurrence of the war and that there should be peace amongst the land.
In President Lincoln second inaugural address, he uses parallelism, religion, and a rhetorical question to express the gruesome effects of the civil war and his vision on our nations future. " All dreaded it, All sought to avert it." This use of the word all in the sentence creates parallelism, which emphasizes the fact that Americans did not want war. Lincoln's constant referral to religion appeals to one's pathos. "The Almighty has his own purposes." "Both read the same Bible and pray to the same God, and each invoked his aid against the other." Ultimately, we should not pray to harm or hinder one another; even if we cannot come to a compromise. Lincoln also suggest that God is the most powerful and he will do what he knows is scrupulous.
Lincoln's "Second Inaugural Address" and Obama's "A More Perfect Union" are two speeches that attempted to express and impose some values to the audience. Although the speeches were delivered on different occasions, they both tried to persuade the audience to acknowledge some values that the speaker viewed as real and to commit themselves in other values that the speaker viewed as right. Furthermore, they both tried to speak to a divided audience.
Abraham Lincoln was a great orator and an incredibly intelligent man, and his ability to use these skills won him the presidency and then allowed him to eventually keep the Union together, even through the inevitable Civil War. Through the Civil War, Lincoln provided extremely strong leadership and gave multiple powerful speeches including both of his inaugural addresses and his Gettysburg Address. All of these speeches shared the same objective of keeping America united, but they took different approaches to this goal, following the ups and downs of the Civil War. Although Lincoln’s speeches varied through the years, they were all extremely powerful and effective at achieving the particular goal
Abraham Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt were both effective peacemakers, but Lincoln focused on creating peace in America while Theodore Roosevelt focused on foreign countries. When Lincoln became president the northern and southern states erupted into conflict over issues such as states’ rights and slavery (“Causes of the Civil War”). As the North and South fought, Lincoln did not only fight to help the North win, but sought out to reunite the North and South while abolishing slavery at the same time. When the Civil War was won by the North Lincoln avoided any hatred towards the Southern people and encouraged the Northern people to accept them back with. In a conversation with a woman who believed that the Southerners should be “destroyed” Lincoln told the woman “...am I not destroying my enemies when I make friends of them?" (Lincoln Quote 10/19/07). Unfortunately, Lincoln never got his chance to oversee the reunion...
Abraham Lincoln’s formal diction in the “Gettysburg Address” created a reverent tone, and made him appear reputable. By choosing words like “hallow” “devotion” “nobly” and “brave” he praised the Civil War soldiers and commemorated their work. Lincoln aimed to inspire and encourage people to keep fighting. He alluded to the Declaration of Independence “Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal” (2048). Moreover, symbolizing equality and freedom, it gave them something to fight for. Lincoln used “we” multiple times to comfort the crowd and never said the words “I” or “me.”
The House Divided Speech was an address given by Abraham Lincoln in 1858 with the goal to make a distinction between himself and Douglas, and to openly talk about a prognostication for time to come. Unlike Douglas, who had long supported popular sovereignty, under which the settlers in each new territory determine their own place as a slave or free state, Lincoln considered that all states had to be the same in order to become a united country. Although Lincoln’s intentions seemed to be pure, the complication with the speech is that it is not absolutely probable because of the fallacies within its wording. This speech may have appeared to be powerful and even authentic in its upholding points, but the fallacies must be recognized. Among these fallacies are false dilemma, ambiguity, appeal to authority, name-calling, and sequential fallacies.