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The first pair I will define and state the significance are separation of powers and federalism. Separation of powers was conceived because of concerns over the thought that the majority would oppress the minority. Instead of giving all power to one, for fear of tyranny and concentrated power, it was divided into three branches which include Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. Each branch has their separate power in their domain and act independently. Separation of powers was also created to help promote and liberty. Federalism is the dispersal of power between the federal government and each of the states. The United States Constitution allows jurisdiction to the federal government over national affairs and reserves powers to the states over domestic matters. Federalism is more of a balance of power which is divided. Federalism does also layer into each other. The federal government has its duties and power and the state has their own duties and power, however, they also share some of it. For example, maintaining law and order and even borrow money which are concurrent powers. Separation of powers is similar to federalism in a sense because each of them is used to divide power. Separation of powers is different from federalism because separation of powers is divided within the government. Federalism is power granted from the United States Constitution that is delegated to the United States Government and reserves power for each of the states. As you can see, both separation of powers and federalism are keeping one from having too much power. The next one I am going to define is the Articles of Confederation. It was the first governing document of the newly independent United States which was the first constitution. It was... ... middle of paper ... ...he Senate is in recess. That person appointed can fill that position until the end of the following session. Usually, the President and the Senate share the duty and power to high level policy making positions. The President nominates someone and the Senate confirms it. However, the Constitution allows recess appointments as an exception. This exception was made for a continuousness administrative government. The constitution gives the President a little room to flex his muscles on both of these powers; one more than the other. The difference is the President has exclusive authority on the grant of pardon. No hearing is held and it cannot be appealed. On recess appointments, the President is only given limited power to appoint a person to a position by how long that person can serve without the approval of the Senate. The next one I want to define is filibuster

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