Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, more commonly known as ADD or ADHD, has become much more common recently. As of 1994 the DSM-IV stated that about 3%-5% of American school aged children have this disorder. While it is quite a few children, what I find to be even more interesting are the male-to-female ratios within the disorder. They range from 4:1 to 9:1. According to Wade, Carol &Travis (2000), boys make up 80 to 90 percent of all ADHD cases. What I've looked into finding out is why there is such a gender difference. I wanted to know if it was because the way society raises girls, or are boys really at a higher risk for it.
From the day I entered kindergarten class at the age of five my accomplishments in school have been tainted by behavioral problems. Every week my mother would inevitably receive calls from teachers and principals complaining about my inattentiveness and hyperactivity in the classroom. I never had a problem with the work and I was always one of the smartest students in my class so my parents just assumed that I was a rambunctious child. My parents completely subscribed to the belief that “boys will be boys” and although I certainly was reprimanded for my behavior, the last thing to have crossed my parents’ mind was that this type of behavior was a symptom of a disorder. The disorder I am referring to is called Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Approximately fifteen million Americans suffer from this disorder yet around the country there are probably thousands of people, just like my parents, who fail to recognize or seek help regarding cases of ADHD. The problem lies in the ignorance of the population. ADHD has dramatic cognitive and behavioral effects on children and without awareness of the symptoms of ADHD, parents, teachers, and students alike are left without the necessary tools and strategies to raise and educate children inhibited by the disorder. To promote awareness, this paper will attempt to shed light on how to recognize Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in young children in order to create strategies to help optimize the time children spend on their studies so they can realize their potential as students.
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is a common thing in many homes, schools, and work areas. It is a disorder that makes focusing and sitting still impossible. Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder can be classified into three major symptoms. The first symptom is Hyperactivity. It causes rapid movement and the inability to sit still. The second major symptom is Inattention. This causes you to have trouble paying attention to things and can even make it hard to complete task. The last symptom is Impulsivity. This usually consist of blurting out, crossing the street without looking, and making decision that you don’t completely analyze. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder can make a person’s everyday life more difficult, but this does not only apply to the one diagnosed. Living with someone with ADHD or even being friends with someone with ADHD can have an effect on a person’s life. From the patients impulsive actions, all the way to their inability to pay attention to what someone is saying can affect everyone around them. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder does have a temporary cure though. Stimulants like Adderall and Vyvanse all the way to exercise. Although some medicines have great benefits, a lot of them are greatly outweighed with negative side effects.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), once called hyperkinesis or minimal brain dysfunction, is one of the most common mental disorders among children. (Elia, Ambrosini, Rapoport, 1999) It affects 3 to 5 percent of all children, with approximately 60% to 80% of these children experiencing persistence of symptoms into adolescence and adulthood, causing a lifetime of frustrated dreams and emotional pain. There are two types of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: an inattentive type and a combined type. The symptoms of ADHD can be classified into three categories: inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is the most common childhood disorder. Although it mostly affects children, it affects adolescent and adults as well. There are three types of ADHD which are defined by the symptoms that are the most significant. Predominantly Inattentive Type is when the person finds it very difficult to organize or finish a task ( “Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder” 2014). They find it hard to pay attention to details and find it difficult to follow instructions or conversations. Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type is when the person finds it hard to keep still and talk a lot. They have difficulty waiting their turn and find it hard to listen to directions. A person with this type of ADHD will have more accidents than others. Combined Type is when a person has six or more symptoms of inattention and six or more symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity are present (“What is ADHD?,” 2013). Most children have the combined type of ADHD.
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is very commonly known. Today, ADHD is one of the most common mental disorders among children. The NIMH (The national institute of mental health) predicts that it affecting 3 to 5 percent of all children(AACAP), with an approximate amount of 30% to 65% of these children experiencing persistence of symptoms into adolescence and adulthood (AACAP).There are three types of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type, Predominantly Inattentive Type, and Combination Type(ehow.com). The symptoms of ADHD can be classified into three main categories; hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. These behaviors can interfere with ADHD sufferers’ ability to focus deliberately on organizing and completing a specific task that they may not enjoy. A case of this kind of behavior is recognized in a report written by the National Institute of Mental Health where one of the subjects under study was unable to pass schooling examinations due to her inattentive behavior (clinicaltrials.gov) These kinds of behaviors can damage the person's relationships with others in addition to disrupting their daily life, consuming energy, and diminishing self-esteem, depending on severity of their symptoms (adhd.com). In this paper, the multiple factors of how ADHD affects, and is handled, of those who undergo this disorder, are shown.
Attention Hyperactive- impulsive Deficit Disorder, or also known as ADHD, is under the category of IDEA, which is the Other Health Impairments. It is considered as one of the most common childhood mental disorder, affecting more than one in every twenty children (Shaw, 2008). Moreover, this condition can continue through adolescence and adulthood. IDEA defines it as a neurobiological-based developmental disorder in children and adults with a persistent pattern of problems in the areas of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity that is more frequent and severe than is typically observed in individuals at a comparable level of development. DSM IV defined ADHD as same as IDEA, however, it made clear that some symptoms like hyperactivity-impulsivity or inattentiveness must shown before onset seven years old and some impairments of it should be present at least at two settings to rule out the possibility that the behaviour is just a reaction to a certain teacher and parental control. Moreover, it said that there must be a clear evidence of interference with developmentally appropriate social, academic or occupational functioning. Nonetheless, persons with Schizophrenia, Pervasive Developmental Disorder or any Psychotic Disorders and mental conditions are cannot be accounted of having ADHD.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a chronic condition that is classified by the following: attention difficulty, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness. Children diagnosed with this condition often lose or forget things, unorganized, difficulty remaining seated, and frequently interrupt others. According to the Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics, “ADHD is one of the most common neurobehavioral disorders in childhood. ADHD can impact not only school performance, but also social interaction. If untreated, this could lead to delinquent behavior” (Briars, 2016, p.2). That being said, noticing this condition early in one’s
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity is a childhood neurodevelopmental disorder defined as a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development. Inattention is viewed as an inability to sustain focus, being disorganized, and lacking persistence. Hyperactivity is described as excessive motor activity, such as running around and climbing on things, as well as extreme fidgeting and talking. Impulsivity refers to acting hastily and without thought, which can be seen in interrupting others, intruding into others’ activities, and an inability to wait one’s turn. These inattention and/or hyperactive/impulsive behaviors are inconsistent with age or developmental level and can be seen across settings. Although ADHD begins in childhood, it often carries over into adulthood. This results in social, academic and occupational functioning impairments.
Every student could attest to the occasional struggle with procrastination, forgetfulness, or fatigue. Time management separates the champions from the fallen in the high-stress and low-tolerance academic environment of our competitive society. I never had the privilege of being one of those students; I didn't struggle with self-discipline. I was at war with it. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is not news to anyone. We've all heard the anti-medication skeptics and the terrified parents and the cursed children, devils or mutants they must be. We've heard of their loudness and aggression, of the paper planes, of the clarity of the signs screaming that what people like to blame on bad children or parenting could be broken down to a badly dealt hand in the realm of brain development. Likewise, there's an even darker side of the moon the majority remains deaf do.