World War II ( 1939-1945 )

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1) After World War II (1939-1945), the United States and the Soviet Union became the strongest superpowers of the world. Although they shared a common enemy of the Nazi’s during the war, they did not share similar beliefs and interests economically and politically. The main difference between these powers was that the Soviets followed Karl Marx’s ideology of communism while the United States had a democracy and followed capitalism. This caused the two powers to become enemies post-war, later dividing up the world into two sides; The U.S. creating an alliance called NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization), and the Soviets creating an alliance called the Warsaw Pact. With the fear of starting a nuclear war, the contrasting factions entered into the Cold War, lasting from 1945 to 1989. Fear of Communist spies working in America posed a threat to the U.S. and its national security. This created a time known as the Red Scare, a period of anticommunism which intensified in the late 1940s and early 1950s. Anticommunism was important in the U.S after World War II because we believed that the Soviets had a goal of spreading communism to America and the world, which would ultimately threaten our economic and political systems. We presumed this idea because the goal of communism is to destroy and replace capitalist structures. Since the United States was the most powerful capitalist country at the time, it seemed very likely that the Soviets would eventually try to replace our culture and community with theirs. Various political leaders such as President Harry S. Truman supported the idea of containing the growing strength that the Communist Soviets possessed, and on March 12, 1947, Truman asked the Congress to agree to aid Turkey and... ... middle of paper ... ...ese wars, communism was battled by fighting with efforts to contain the advancement of the Soviet’s efforts. The wars shaped U.S. foreign policy because they were able to determine which alliances could benefit America and help them to remain the strongest superpower in the world. To conclude, the Red Scare changed the American society abroad and at home by getting involved in the elimination of Soviet communist transmission to the world. I believe that because the Soviets were able to advance and gain the access of nuclear weapons like the atomic bomb, that created a fearful atmosphere in the American society. By association, since the Soviets were communists, I think that it also caused Americans to fear communism and made irrational advances to keep it out of our society. In the end, our involvement with the communists caused us to rise as a global superpower.

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