The end of the cold war signified a new era of history that has changed the entire world. The face of Europe and Asia has changed dramatically. Vast changes have been felt socially, politically, and especially economically. Also the effect the cold war had on foreign policy was paramount. The effect of these changes is not only felt across the ocean but can be felt here in America. The goal of this paper is to define what the cold war specifically was, and reflect upon the various choices throughout the world as a result of the end of the cold war.
The Cold War began after World War II. The United States and the Soviet Union had growing tension during World War II. By the end of the war, they had become mortal enemies. The powers between the two were not equal though, as the United States had a flourishing economy and the Soviet Union economy was crashing. It was clear that the United States and the Soviet Union were in a power struggle, which became known as the Cold War. The ideology of the Cold War period can perhaps best be described in May’s words, as an “ ideology of consensus”. ( McDonald )
The Cold War (1947-1991) was an ideological war that increased tension between the Western Bloc, primarily dominated by the democratic United States, and the powers of the Eastern Bloc, led by the communist Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. During the 1950’s, both superpowers maintained conflicting economic and political differences of capitalism and communism. On March 12, 1947, US President Harry Truman set forth the Truman Doctrine which was an international relations policy that allowed the US to support Greece and Turkey with military and financial aid to prevent them from falling into communism. During April of 1948, the US designed the Marshall Plan, which set up funds for countries all around Europe. The USSR opposed ...
The Cold War subsisted as a forty year, or in light of alternate perspectives- perpetuating, conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union. Following the conclusion of World War II, the capitali...
When World War II finally came to a close on May 7, 1945, a new war was just beginning. The Cold War symbolized the evident, yet unorthodox rivalry that stemmed between the United States and Soviet Russia, including their respective allies. (This war was fought on economic, political, and propaganda scales , with limited alternatives to weaponry, largely due to the fact that they had fear of a nuclear genocide.)^1 This expression, “The Cold War”, was initially used by Presidential Adviser, Bernard Baruch, in a “legislative debate in 1947.”("Bernard Baruch Coins the Term "Cold War"" History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2014.
“We declare openly that our ends can only be achieved by the forcible overthrown of all social conditions.”- Karl Marx. This famous philosopher and socialist Karl Marx was well recognized for his famous book titled “The communist manifesto”. But who would of known that years after his death the world would be experiencing major rivalries and conflicts upon the restoration of Marx’s communistic ideas. Communism brought unexpected dilemmas, time consuming arguments and most importantly it lead to one of the most heartbreaking and nastiest wars of all between different nations. The Cold War occurred between the period of 1947 and 1985, just two years after the termination of World War II. This war was a struggle between the United States and the
Therefore, the Cold War was the result of the ideological, economic, and military contest that shaped American politics, economic life, cultural, and social developments in the 1940s throughout 1950s and the 1960s (Schultz, 2013, p. 429). Nevertheless, the atomic, power and the communism threats were the leading, basic mistrust in the Cold War. The Berlin Crisis was the
The political ideologies of the USA and of the Soviet Union were of profound significance in the development of the Cold War. Problems between the two power nations arose when America refused to accept the Soviet Union in the international community. The relationship between the USA and the Soviet Union was filled with mutual distrust and hostility. Many historians believe the cold war was “inevitable” between a democratic, capitalist nation and a communist Union. Winston Churchill called the cold war “The balance of terror” (1). Cold war anxieties began to build up with America and the Soviet Union advancing in the arms race for world dominance and supremacy. America feared the spread of Communism
The intrusion of the Cold War desecrated the world in three ways. In 1947, The United States (U.S.) had resentment over the non-aggression pact between the Soviet Union (USSR) and Germany. The U.S. and USSR had different political governments; the U.S. was a capitalist nation and the USSR was a communist nation. These differences and geopolitical tensions between the superpowers became to be known as the Cold war, which lasted until 1991. However, the war did not remain between the two countries, it affected other global nations. The U.S. and USSR’s differences in worldly aspirations (Cold War) transformed political alliances, cultural aspects, and economic prosperities in the progressions of Third World nations, including Nicaragua, Iran,
During World War 2 (1939-1945), the Soviet Union and the USA were allies fighting towards the same enemy, Nazi Germany. At the end of World War 2, it could have been assumed that the two countries would have a firm relationship, however, soon after the war, enmity developed between the two, which resulted in the Cold War. Once Germany surrendered in 1945, the U.S openly formulated a policy of ‘Containment’, and at the beginning of 1948 the Cold War had escalated. Containment was the plan to diminish the rise of Soviet influence in the Western nations. The two countries had opposing economic and political beliefs and ideologies. The Soviet Union espoused Socialism and the USA feared this ideology spreading and Western Capitalist systems losing