Working Conditions, Living Conditions and Child Labor in Great Britain During the Industrial Revolution

970 Words4 Pages
The Industrial Revolution was a time of great change in Great Britain and the rest of the world. The Industrial Revolution started in Great Britain as a result of the Napoleonic Wars, the enclosure movement, and a need for efficient living. Then, many factories began to emerge and people started to work at factories instead of at farms like they were used to. The first factory was the textile factory. The people that worked at these factories had terrible working conditions and living conditions. Children had to do the more dangerous, difficult jobs like coal mining and fixing broken machinery. The reform movements of the 19th century were a response to the working conditions, living conditions, and child labor found during the Industrial Revolution. The working conditions found during 19th century Britain were a response to the Industrial Revolution. (DOC. 2) suggests the tough working conditions while coal mining during 19th century Britain. Coal mining was also a terrible issue during the Industrial Revolution because it often decreased the average life span of the coal miners 10 years. It was dangerous because of the frequent accidents, damp conditions, and constant breathing of coal dust. The coal miners during the Industrial Revolution were mainly women and children. (DOC. 5) suggests the idea of changing the working conditions to turn it into a more manageable level. During the Industrial Revolution, the workers eventually began to form unions which would allow them to strike for better working conditions and more manageable working hours. (DOC. 6) talks about how legislation tries to improve the conditions and make labor more manageable but always ends up in a reduction of the worker’s wages or deprives them of employmen... ... middle of paper ... Factory Act of 1910 tried to restrict the working age and the number of hours children should work as represented by (DOC. 4). The working conditions, living conditions, and child labor were very similar between 19th century Britain and the Industrial Revolution as presented above. The working conditions were often very dangerous and would cause many injury and early deaths. The living conditions were very unhygienic and led to the spreading of cholera and other diseases. Children were often required to do the most dangerous jobs in the industry due to the fact that they had small hands which would fit into small spaces. This led to many early deaths and the death rate dropped more than fifty percent due to this (from 38 years to 17 years).As you can see the ideas of 19th century Britain were a response to the ideas and conditions of the Industrial Revolution.
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