There was three phases of the war that almost led to the extinction of English nobility. The first battle of the War of the Roses took place at St. Alban’s on May 22nd 1455 when the Yorkists tired to confront King Henry VI. “The King had by his side the Dukes of Somerset and Buckingham, Lords Pembroke, Northumberland and Devon and around 2,000 Lancastrian men.” (“Wars of the Roses”) The Yorkists led by the Earls of Salisbury and Warwick attacked the town. Warwick was able to get into the town by an unguarded area and attacked the Lancastrian barricades. While the battle was small it left Henry wounded and captured.
During his reign he was he was very lawless. After he was crowned, Henry was greeted with many rebellions in Cheshire, Wales, and Northumberland. All these rebellions later ceased. Henry IV died in 1413 and his successor was his son, Henry V, who was also a brilliant soldier and had much success in France in the Hundred Years’ War. After King Henry V’s very short reign ended, the Duke of York, Richard, the son of Richard, Anne Mortimer, and the Earl of C... ... middle of paper ... ...d to be murdered.
Norfolk for life and Henry for 10 years with a proviso that he would be allowed to inherit from his father. But on the death of John of Gaunt in 1399, the Lancastrian estates were confiscated by the King, and Henry decided to return, seemingly to claim his promised inheritance. 	Taking advantage of the King’s absence in Ireland, Henry landed on July 4, 1399, at Ravenspur, near Bridington, where he was soon joined by the northern nobles who were unhappy with the policies of the monarchy. By the end of the month Henry and his followers had raised an army and marched to Bristol. When Richard returned in August, the royal army started to desert; Henry claimed the throne for himself, and on August 19 he captured Richard near Conway.
Early Life William was born in 1027 in Falaise, France. His parents were Duke Robert I of Normandy and Arletta, a tanner’s daughter. William was illegitimate, he was also called “William the Bastard” and because of this he was an outcast. His father went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land and left William as his successor with twelve barons to advise and take care of young William. When the news reached Normandy that his father was killed, violence broke out in the country.
Edward was murdered when he rode to visit Aethelred at Corfe is Dorset. Aethelred’s vassals pretended to welcome Edward, and in doing so, stabbed him. It is safe to assume that Aethelred would not have instigated this incident, being a mere seven years of age at the time. Edward was later canonized by his brother and was known as King Edward the Martyr. Following the assassination of his brother, Edward, Aethelred was forced upon the English throne at the age of ten.
A quarrel then developed over the king's marriage, and Richard Neville, earl of Warwick, and the king's brother George, duke of Clarence, deserted Edward. They allied in 1470 with Queen Margaret, drove Edward into exile, and restored Henry VI as king. Edward soon returned and triumphed at Barnet and Tewkesbury in 1471. Margaret was imprisoned and Henry VI died, probably slain on Edward's orders. After 12 years of peace, his 12-year-old son Edward V succeeded Edward in 1483, but the boy's uncle Richard, duke of Gloucester, usurped the throne as Richard III.
John’s rule was so disastrous that it only lasted six months before he was sent back home. He ended up earning the embarrassing nickname “John Lacklands” as a result of the debacle. Just before the death of Henry II, his oldest son, Richard I or Richard the Lionhearted, began yet another rebellion in 1189 to take control of the throne and more importantly, the significant lands that Henry still held. Henry II soon died, and Richard I inherited the throne. Richard I is remembered as a fierce warrior because of his role in the crusades, but honestly it was Richard’s disinterest in England that helped John I cause so much destruction.
This was the largest battle and after it Edward of the Yorkists became King Edward IV. Edward ruled for 9 years until he was deposed, by his once ally, the Earl of Warwick. Warwick felt he hadn't been rewarded enough by Edward and joined forces with, his once enemy, Margaret of Anjou, the King of France and the remaining Lancastrains. They invaded Britain in 1470 and King Edward was forced to flee the country. Warwick quickly re-installed Henry VI back to the throne, however it was clear he was
Isabella took her lover, Roger de Mortimer, with them and while there they began to make their plans. After homage is paid to Charles IV the three went to Hainault. While there Isabella and Mortimer convinced the Count of Hainault, William, to help them overthrow the king. In 1327, with the help of William’s troops, Isabella and Mortimer successfully overthrew Edward II and made Edward III king. During their overthrow, King Charles IV of France, Isabella’s brother, died.
Eleanor died in 1204. Conclusion: Henry II could have been remembered as one the greatest rulers of his times, except for the death of his childhood friend, Thomas Becket, archbishop of England, which he was suspected of some type of participation in the murder. After 20 years of marriage, Eleanor plotted against Henry. Henry put her under house arrest. His sons tried to overthrow him, hungry for power they were.