Scientific Naturalism and Christianity are possibly the two most contradictory worldviews that are in our culture today. They are also the two most difficult to understand by one another. There is very little about these two worldviews that they have in common. They are a vast amount of ideas and beliefs held by adherents of each that are different. In order for these two worldviews to successfully co-exist in society, it is important to understand, accept, and learn from each one.
Religion vs. Science This paper will examine the scientific view verse religion. I feel their support for the big picture is shallow and untenable. I believe in science but I also have faith.
The Day-Age theory proposes an idea regarding the relativity of chronos time. When we consider the earth was purportedly created in "6 days" - we might ask the question, "What is a day?" For us, living on the earth, it is the time it takes the earth to revolve around it’s own axis. Similarly, we might ask the question, "What is a year?" Once again, for those of us living on the earth it is the time is takes the earth to revolve around the sun. The “Day-Age” theory proposes that the creation story's 7 days was not 7 literal days, or 7 “earth days,” but rather 7 “ages of time.”
Science and religion have always been in opposing viewpoints, historically. Science has a mentality that is based off of knowledge, observation, and experimentation. However, religion has no factual proof of anything, it is solely based off of faith and feelings. The problem between these two subjects is that one has factual evidence and one does not. Science is able to explain the laws of gravity - if an item is dropped it will fall. Religion is able to explain a single persons experience with a supernatural being. Whereas science has laws of nature in which everything follows, religion deals with everything outside of these laws of nature. Therefore, it is understood that with science’s great achievements, that religion has been able to make major variations from where it began. Over the past 2000 years, science has significantly impacted the course of religion with a Christian’s judgment of stories in the Bible, specifically there have been great contradictions in the literal interpretations of the beginnings of the Earth, Noah’s flood, and the origin of man.
Scientific Belief or Religious Faith One can argue that there are many conflicts between science and religion, but the question at hand is whether or not it is true. Is it possible that it may very well be a conflict between the two? What if science and religion are in cahoots with each other? After all, aren’t scientists trying to find the answer to how everything has come to be; while educating society their theory in regards to evolution of all plant and animal species. Scientist has been trying find the answer toward the creation of the universe and many others for millennium.
It’s become rather fashionable at literature today for authors to put a new spin on the link between science and religion. As both philosophies continue to collide, spin, and evolve into one another readers have been treated to books like Genome Scientist Francis Collins’ “Language of God”, which presents religion from a scientific point of view, along with rebuttals like Richard Dawkins’ “The God Delusion”, but nobody makes an argument quite like Ahamed V.P. Kutty. In his similar exploration of these worlds, Kutty presents evidence in the face of a religious question often overlooked among Christians, Muslims, and Jewish practitioners. The question is about simple: If incest is an sin, and Adam and Eve were the first humans created by God to conceive and populate the earth, then wouldn’t their offspring be forced to mate with one another in order to achieve such ends? In essence, has God, or the creators of the Bible and Qur’an, created a situation where humanity must sin to survive? The answer, as always, is not as simple as the question.
Will religion and science ever be able to co-exist peacefully with one another? The topic between the conflicts of religion and science can date to even past the 15th century until modern time 2014. Religion is a title given for those people who believe in a certain deity or a supreme power. While science is a fundamental basis for which we seek knowledge of the base for how things in this world are done. Either way, both go way back to olden times and never seemed to agree with one another in most cases. And both constantly put the acknowledgement of the mysteries in the shrouds.
When Copernicus and Galileo voiced their observations opposing the Catholic Church, Copernicus and Galileo were labeled as a threat for a couple reasons. For example, Copernicus and Galileo’s observations did not support the Catholic Church’s teachings. Copernicus and Galileo discovered that the sun does not revolve around the Earth but that the Earth revolves around the sun. The Church believed that “Only God knows how he created the universe,” (Gascoigne) so there was no way that Copernicus and Galileo could know that the Earth revolves around the sun. In the Bible it says, “The world also is stablished, and it cannot be moved.” (The Book) This was interpreted by the Church to mean that Earth cannot move, therefore the sun must be moving. About this matter, Leo XIII stated, “Truth cannot contradict truth, and we may be sure that some mistake has been made either in the interpretation of the sacred words, or in the polemical discussion itself,” which, in turn lead the Church believe that Copernicus and Galileo were heretics (Breshears). Also, Copernicus and Galileo’s observations were different than what the Church, its followers, and the rest of the world were used to. Aristotle, an influential Greek philosopher, had taught that the Earth was stationary and, for 1,800 years, it was common belief (Miller). No one had enough courage to risk the Catholic Church’s wrath and provide new ideas about the universe until Copernicus in 1543 (Miller). In conclusion, the Church had reason to consider Copernicus and Galileo as threats.
Science vs. Religion The question as to whether or not religion belongs in a science classroom is a very complex and difficult question. Religion can be looked at from different angles, starting from its validity. Despite the lack of evidence to support the idea of creationism, that in itself is not enough to warrant its exclusion from schools. I don't think students should be told who or what to believe in, but they should acquire enough knowledge on both subjects in order to think and make the decision for themselves. Most religions in the world, believe that God created Adam and Eve.
According to many philosophers science and religion provide the same kind of knowledge. In other words, the knowledge that is attained from science and religion is in direct competition with one another (Saucedo, n.d.). According to Galileo that is not the case. Galileo believed that the knowledge that science and religion provide us comes from two completely different realms. One has nothing to do with the other. Galileo believed in the heliocentric view. The belief that as humans we have the ability to understand things differently than how they might have been meant. Take for example when a person says “God is sick”. Someone might take it to mean that the person hates God. Another person who understands the term sick would know that what