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Why Was Communism Victorious in Vietnam?

Powerful Essays
Was the Communist victory in Vietnam due more to the inherent weaknesses of the Saigon regime or strategic mistakes made by the United States?
Discussion/Thesis: The Vietnam War provides us with a clear case of misperception and unclear objections. It is important to understand the root cause of the conflict and the nature of the protagonist. There were many missteps by both the United States and the Saigon regime, which the North Vietnamese capitalized on through the use of non-conventional means and the power of messaging. The conflict between the Communist north and newly installed Ngo Dihn Diem regime in Saigon boils down to two governments attempting to gain control of the their population. The difference is the way each employed political and military means, as well as the confidence and support they each received from their own people.
It would be incorrect to characterize United States strategic planning as ineffective, but it is fair to say it was inefficient. History shows us that the story goes beyond the US involvement in Vietnam and exposes a battle between ideologies. Ultimately, the US will be unable to keep Saigon out of communist control, which may have been a sign of severe strategic mistakes. The true path to Communist victory goes beyond US military planning and execution. The US was forced to carefully balance military objectives with world diplomacy. The entrance of China or the USSR into the war could have catapulted it to a scale beyond any side was prepared for. True victory would have been a sustaining South Vietnam so that it could protect itself from continued Communist invasion.
Even with the intervention of the United States, the inherent weaknesses of the Saigon regime enabled North Viet...

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...emes: The US upon entering the Vietnam War clearly did not observe the guidance of Clausewitz; "first, the supreme, the most far-reaching act of judgment that the statesman and commander have to make is to establish . . . the kind of war on which they are embarking; neither mistaking it for, nor trying to turn it into, something that is alien to its true nature. This is the first of all strategic questions and the most comprehensive." Without understanding the true nature of the war prior to intervening in Vietnam, the US was unprepared to make effective strategic decisions.
On the other hand, the North Vietnamese utilized the lessons of Mao to their advantage. They understood the use of a staged guerilla conflict against a stronger opponent would wear them down and by leading them into a protracted war the larger power will eventually lose the will to fight.
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