The last type of vegetarian is a lacto-ovo vegetarian. The lacto-ovo vegetarian diet includes both eggs and dairy products. Finally, because vegetarian diets exclude animal flesh and restrict eggs and dairy, it can be difficult to ensu... ... middle of paper ... ...al D. Food for life: how the new four food groups can save your life. New York: Crown Trade Paperback, 1994. Hobbs, Suzanne Havala.
Lactovegetarians do not eat “meat, poultry, fish,” or “eggs but include dairy products” (“Being”). Lacto-ovovegetarians have a diet that excludes “meat, poultry, and fish but include dairy products and eggs” (“Being”). Many people believe that vegetarianism is uncommon, but according to an article on Vegetarian.ProCon.org, a website dedicated to “promoting critical thinking, education, and informed citizenship by presenting controversial issues in a straightforward, nonpartisan, primarily pro-con format,” a survey taken in 2012 “found that approximately 5% of Americans (15,695,702 people) considered themselves to be vegetarian, and 2% (6,278,281 people) considered themselves to be vegan” (“Should”). Not all people become vegetarian for the same reason, but they believe it has benefits. Although vegetarians sometimes develop vitamin deficiencies and have difficulty ordering in restaurants, being a vegetarian is still a great way to live because it is ethi... ... middle of paper ... ... $80 billion a year” (“Why”).
Health is such a huge factor that comes to play in todays society. Many people are looking for ways to stay healthy and to prolong their lives. Vegetarianism is the way you can achieve your goals of being healthy. A vegetarian is someone who does not consume meat in their diet and may cut out eggs and dairy products as well. Why eat meat that contains chemicals, growth hormones, and perservitives when you can just cut all that out?
Granted that this statement is widely accepted because plant based foods are proven to have a smaller fat content than meat based foods, “vegetarianism is [not] ‘a vaccine against all health problems,’ warns Carol Coughlin, a registered dietitian at the American Dietetic Association” (“Vegetarianism” Issues and Controversies). In fact, the lack of meat in a diet arouses many health issues. For example, vitamin B12 deficiency leads to damaging of nerve endings. This deficiency surfaces in vegetarian diets because vitamin B12 is not present in plants; on the other hand, animals are a source of vitamin B12 because they can consume the microorganisms that produce vitamin B12 (Mangels). Another argument posed by vegetarians is that meat found in supermarkets are ridden with bacteria.
Why does a person choose to become a vegetarian? Many non-vegetarians wonder what drives once meat-eater to give up their carnivorous practices and adopt an completely different lifestyle. Whether it be for an innate aversion to meat, religious beliefs, compassion for our fellow animals, or environmental concerns…the list goes on and on. There are many reasons why one might choose to become a vegetarian. The inevitable subsequent question is, can one really live a healthy lifestyle as a vegetarian?
These health risks can be prevented by keeping a healthy weight and diet, but many people think that you have to include red meats, and other animal products in your diet. But studies have shown that vegetarians and vegans tend to be slimmer, appear to be in better health, have greate... ... middle of paper ... ...UT-PETA-FAQ/howdoeseatingmeatharmtheenvironment?” PETA.nd. web. 25 Feb, 2014. Kovacs, Betty.
Vegetarian diets can provide the necessary nutrients; as well, as reduce the likelihood of chronic diseases caused by unhealthful diet; however, if the food intake is not closely monitored it can lead to deficiencies. Then the question becomes, if vegetarian diets are better, then why exactly do we need meat products in our diet? In this research paper, I want explore the pro and cons of vegetarian diet and its implications. The vegetarian society defines a vegetarian as one who consumes predominantly fruits, vegetables, grains and plant products without eating animal products such as meat, fish, poultry (“Vegetarian society”). Although vegetarians are defined as those who do not consume animal products, there are different levels of vegetarianism: semi-vegetarian, pescovegetarian, lacto-ovo-vegetarian, lacto vegetarian, ovovegetarian, strict vegetarian, macrobiotic diet, and fruitarian.
This is because the term vegetarian actually means consuming no meat, poultry, or fish. Not "I eat turkey only on Thanksgiving," or "I eat fish once in a while." A vegetarian consistently avoids all flesh foods as well as by-products of meat, fish, and poultry (Havala 4). Basic foods in a vegetarian’s diet are cereal grains and bread, beans, nuts, seeds, fruits, and vegetables. Some vegetarians may use various products made from soybeans, such as tofu, or bean curd, soybean milk, and miso.
Eliminating meat from a diet does cause a large source of nutrients to be unavailable but by eating the right foods and planning a diet, it is possible to “be as healthy as, or healthier than, most meat eaters.” (“Nutrition and Staying Healthy” 2) The most common concerns of nutrient deficiencies in vegetarians are with protein, calcium, iron, and vitamin B12. “All of the protein you need can be found in beans, nuts, grains, and soy products.” (“Nutrition and Staying Healthy” 1) To combat insufficiencies in calcium and iron a vegetarian must make sure to include “dark green, leafy vegetables” (“Nutrition and Staying Healthy” 1) in their diet. For those vegetarians who keep dairy in their diet can also obtain calcium from drinking milk lower in fat. Vitamin B12 is also essential, and to reach proper amounts of it, it is necessary to “eat cereals fortified with B12” (“Nutrition and Staying Healthy” 2) or simply take a “B12 supplement”. (“Nutrition and Staying Healthy” 2) “Vegetarians are less likely to suffer from heart disease, cancer, obesity, …type 2 diabetes, [and] gallstones.” (Hoy 1) Because of the specific diet that requires healthier food and good habits, a vegetarian is more likely to have a lower fat intake.