Autism is a lifelong neurological development condition, which causes the brain to function differently. Autism is often characterized by is social and communicative impairments as well as its restricted and ritual-like behavior and motor skills difficulties. “According to DSM IV (TR) autism is characterized by markedly abnormal or impaired social interactions/communication with deficits in: eye contact/body language; peer relations/friendships; language/speech etc.” (Badcock 2010). This makes it very difficult for individuals to relate to the outside world, which can lead to individuals being aggressive and even self-harming in extreme cases. All of this makes it very hard for people on the autism spectrum to relate to the rest of the outside world.
Because of the scarcity of knowledge that medical experts have on the topic of autism it is very difficult for the people who have it to develop regularly. Some are so withdrawn from society that even educational treatment can’t reach them. There is yet to be a cure, yet to be a medical test to diagnose it, and yet to be an autistic who is truly social with the rest of the world.
Asperger Syndrome Also known as Asperger Disorder, Asperger Syndrome is an autism spectrum disorder characterized by difficulties in non-verbal communication, and social interaction. It is known as a spectrum disorder because of its conditions that affects patients in various ways and degrees. The disorder is named after an Austrian pediatrician named Hans Asperger. Asperger syndrome is a life long form of disability that affects how people process information, how they view the world, and how they relate to the people around them. In addition, Asperger syndrome is always a hidden disability, whereby, one cannot tell that someone has the disorder from the outside.
What is Autism Spectrum Disorder and how does it affect those who have it, both physically and psychologically? Autism Spectrum Disorder affects a substantial amount of the population. It is a complex, neurological spectrum condition that damages standard brain function, affecting the development of an individual’s communication and social skills. As a result, Autistic patients often experience repetitive behaviors, lack of spoken language, and may face amplified medical conditions. Although there is no present cure, treatment options, such as medication and therapeutic activities, are available to improve the patient’s quality of life.
In Understanding Autism: From Basic Neuroscience to Treatment. Edited by Molden S, Rubenstein J. CRC Press; 2006:77-93.A comprehensive review that highlights the most modern genetic strategies being used to identify vulnerability gene loci and candidate genes in the autisms. 9. Spence SJ: The genetics of autism. Semin Pediatr Neur... ... middle of paper ... ..., Botolato NA, Walson P. Research Units on Pediatric Psychopharmacology (RUPP) Autism Network: Background and rationale for an initial controlled study of risperidone, Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 2000; 9(1): 201-24.
Autistic spectrum disorder is caused not only by environmental factors but also by genetic inheritability. This disorder can range from mild to severe and is shown in many different forms. Symptoms include speech impairment, disorganized language; sensory processing disorder which causes absent responses, sleep disorders, depression and anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder and many more. Diagnosing autism does not include medical test but instead a team of physiologists and physicians observe the child during an autism-specific behavior evaluations and in some cases genetic testing is needed. The exact cause of autism is still unknown although there are many factors that play a role in it for example mother’s weight, teratogens and genetics.
It is a lifelong disorder that obstructs ones capability to comprehend what is seen, heard, and touched. This causes profound problems in personal behavior and in the ability to relate to others. One with autism must learn how to communicate appropriately and to relate to people, objects and events. Even though a lot of patients that undergo autism have a lot of similar indications, they do not all suffer from the same degree of impairment. There is a full spectrum of symptoms, which can range from mild to severe (NAAR, 2002).
Revisiting Empathy in Asperger Syndrome. Journal Of Autism & Developmental Disorders, 37(4), 709-715. Woodbury-Smith, M. R., & Volkmar, F. R. (2009). Asperger syndrome. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry,18(1), 2-11.
While some people only show one or two symptoms, others have all or nearly all and find it extremely difficult to function in society. People with autism do live normal life spans and the behaviors associated may change or disappear... ... middle of paper ... ...ajority of people however, will continue to show symptoms throughout their lives. There is not one sure treatment for every person with autism, since every person may have different symptoms. What works for one person may or may not work for another and it is imperative to talk with a doctor about what treatment option will work best with a certain combination of symptoms. Although this is a debilitating disorder, individuals who find the right treatment plan for themselves can lead a normal life.
Autism is a behavioral syndrome usually presenting behavior abnormalities before the child is 30 months of age. These behavioral abnormalities include marked social deficits, specific language abnormalities and stereotyped, repetitive behaviors (Piven, 1990). Although the exact etiology of autism is not known it is now believed that it is a dysfunction of one or more unidentified brain systems and not the result of parental and environmental influences. Variations in symptomology and in prognosis among autistic persons depend on both the severity and the extent of the underlying brain dysfunction (Repin, 1991). Several studies have been conducted including neuroanatomic imaging, microscopic neuroanatomic observations and positron emission tomography in order to locate this dysfunction.