The purpose of this paper is to identify James Marcia’s identity status theory and how it pertains to the author 's life during adolescence and early adulthood. The author will reflect as well as address the four statuses of development. Noting that Marcia’s theory has proven to be an effective and dependable tool in helping to determine the status of the identity development in adolescents. IDENTITY FORMATION 3 James Marcia’s theory of identity formation was based on Erik Erikson 's “psychosocial stage theory” (Diessner, 2008) identity versus identity confusion. The foundation of which he used to identify, and divide one’s
Initiative versus guilt is another stage where pre-scholars develop initiative by devising and carrying out bold plans. These people plan activities, developing a sense of initiative with others therefore feeling secure in their ability to lead and make decisions. The identity versus role confusion stage is noted as Erikson’s most popular. He characterized adolescence as a crucial and critical time of identity development. To achieve a sense of identity some adolescents attempt to define and explore who they are regarding their career choice, religion, political views, sexual orientation etc., figuring out a way to fit into society.
Both identity and intimacy are important aspects throughout the adolescent period. Identity development is the process in which adolescents work to define themselves as unique individuals. Whereas true intimacy is when the adolescent becomes able to exchange certain important and necessary aspects with others aside from their parents, while simultaneously maintaining their sense of self. Although two very different concepts they both are set to occur during adolescence and they can both be marked a period in which many changes are occurring. Adolescents itself is a period of finding yourself and figuring out who others are and what they mean to you therefore it is evident that both identity and intimacy are parallel and mutually influencing.
The adolescence is a period in human life span in which an individual faces developmental issues towards the transition from childhood to adulthood. Identity crystallization is one of the common issues in development of adolescents. Gecos and Burke define identity as” the meanings attached to the self by one’s self and others” (Michener, H.A et al, 2004). That is why they act differently to define themselves. Adolescence is the period when they will try to adopt different kind of personalities they think that is acceptable to the peer group or to the society.
These conditions can become significant factors in an emerging personality (Doherty, 1997). How do these circumstances influence young people who are searching for the roles and values that will guide them all their lives? The primary goal of this paper is to reveal the influences of technology and social environments experienced during early to middle adolescence that contribute to shaping adult personality. Research Section By the end of the high school years, young people have developed a unique mixture of characteristics that appear to have a profound influence on their adult personality (Doherty, 1997). How these life shaping individual characteristics come about, however, remains a central focus of developmental interest.
Normally, there are concerns with both sexes on the size of the body, shape and weight as time moves along. A unique personality usually develops during this time with lots of opinions shaping. The importance of relationships and independence also takes root. This means that the teenager will find the need for having friends being important while developing a sense of who they are in addition to preparing for responsibility in their lives. All these are developmental milestones that guide the transition to adulthood lying behind adolescence.
The essay aims at an explicit discussion of adolescence as a stage of human development. The stage occurs at the age of 12 years to 18 years. The paper will discuss the transition stage in detail and the crucial social cultural and physical aspects associated with the stage. It will also look into the cognitive aspect in human development that result due to adolescence by mentioning to a theorist work. In every stage of human development, it has been found that they exist some important non-normative life transitions associated with it.
Theorists such as Erikson and Kohlberg developed theories to provide insight into the reasons behind the way adolescents behave and the process in which they process their information. The concept of identity is more complex than simply how individuals identify themselves. It involves the perceived perceptions of their peers as well as a combination of experiences and values. For the adolescent, self-identity is at a crucial stage of development as they try to establish their place in the world. Puberty, which is a challenge on its own, is one of the predictable events that occur during this life-transition.
Adolescence is a significant developmental period for teenagers because of the adaptations they are forced to comply with including physical, emotional, cognitive, and social changes. Adolescents are given various developmental tasks that are often difficult to perform while they are facing stressors such as these changes. One task involves finding one’s self or identity. The adolescent’s identity is a construction of drives, abilities, beliefs, and individual history (Marcia, 1980). In addition to searching for personal identity, it is important for the adolescent to establish autonomy within his/her social context.
Research has found factors to include: gender, race and ethnicity, social class of one’s family, educational status/achievement, parenting style and involvement, and age. The correlation of these factors and self-esteem of adolescents is what makes researchers interested to find answers in their relationships. While many studies show variations between self-esteem with socioeconomic status, researchers are now conducting studies in which more factors are thrown into the equation to find more answers. The importance of the topic of socioeconomic status, self-esteem and other contributed factors is finding what makes an adolescent’s self-esteem increase or decrease. This will help researchers in the assistance to increase one’s self-esteem during the... ... middle of paper ... ...teem with the connection to socioeconomic status.