In order to formulate a thorough assessment or intervention a social worker must first evaluate all the contributing factors that influence a client’s life. Problems faced by clients are rarely a result of a single factor or influence. Many individual, interpersonal and environmental factors must be evaluated to fully understand the cause of problems. Multidimensional assessments must be used to determine biological, psychological and environmental issues that contribute to problematic outcomes (Hepworth, Rooney, R., Rooney, G., & Strom-Gottfried, 2013.). Along with conducting multidimensional assessments, social workers must also evaluate stages of development, and assess how age can influence behaviors (2013). All contributing factors must …show more content…
Therefor, it was necessary to assess the differences between my client, Precious and I. Precious’ age, race, culture, living environment, support, experiences, parental relationships, level of education, accesses to resources, financial support, and family dynamic are all different from mine. The following two paragraphs describe facets of her life that differ from my own. Precious is a 16-year-old African American who is morbidly obese. She suffered sexual abuse from her father, and physical and emotional abuse from her mother. As a result of the sexual abuse she incurred from her father, she contracted human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). She has two children, a daughter and son, both conceived from her father. Likely a result of incest, her daughter has Down …show more content…
Biological influences combined with societal and social expectations contribute to how well people learn to adapt to their environments (2013). According to Erikson, there are eight stages of development. Within these states, there are different psychological, emotional and cognitive tasks. In order to adjust, individuals must learn to develop these tasks. During adolescence, Erikson states that each person needs to navigate through the development task of ‘‘Identity vs. Identity confusion ’’ (2013). He defined this task by stating that adolescent children must learn to develop a sense of self and establish independence. Prior to this stage of development, a person’s parents largely influence their identity. In this stage the adolescent children begin to explore and develop their identity outside of their parents’ influence (Hill, Bromell, Tyson, & Flint, 2007). Adolescents are generally more egocentric at this stage and have an increased sense of self-consciousness. They also have a strong desire to conform to peer influence and develop concerns regarding their appearance. They develop concern about their level of competence in relation to their peer group as well. As peer influence increases, during this stage, parental influence decreases (Ashford & LeCroy, 2013; Hill et. al, 2007). Conflict generally increases between parent and child at this stage of development (2007).
“I just want to be someone, mean something to anyone, I want to be the real ME”, by Charlotte Eriksson. The quest of my journey is to discover my real purpose, my real goal but most importantly, find my real identity. This is known as the “Identity versus Role Confusion Stage” or as described by psychoanalyst Erik H. Erikson, the fifth stage of the Eight Stages of Man. It occurs between the ages of 12 to 18, where every person battles to establish a certain roll or skill that provides one with a sense of a sturdy foundation in the adult society. I too am currently going through this stage of life, dodging many obstacles in order to seek out my identity. The hardest obstacle- my attempt to fit in with my peers, but the extremes I took to find it, may have scared me for life. Nonetheless, it showed me a piece of my real identity and helped me figure out how to grow through it and better myself; it showed me the real me. In the past as well as today’s society, individuality is vital. Each teen wants to create a unique identity for ones’ self, and the start to creating that identity is in high school.
Mistrust stage occurs at infancy and at this stage, Infants learn to trust others depending on the response of their caregivers who are usually parents. The Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt occurs between the ages of 18 months and three during which time children begin to emphasize their independence. This is done by exploring the world around them. Erikson, E. H. (1993). The Initiative vs. Guilt stage generally, occurs between the age three and five and at this time children assert themselves more frequently and are particularly lively. Industry versus inferiority stage occurs between the ages of five and twelve. As children grow in independence, they become increasingly aware of themselves as individuals. Erikson, E. H. (1993). The identity vs. role confusion stage, occurs during adolescence, between the ages of 12 and 18 years. At this stage the adolescents undergo an identity crisis during which they must establish an identity, goals, and a purpose. Erikson, E. H. (1994). The Intimacy vs. Isolation stage occurs in young adulthood ages 18 to 40 years. During this time the young adult begins to share themselves more intimately with others and explores significant relationships with others especially in marriage. The seventh stage is Generativity vs. Stagnation and occurs during middle adulthood, ages 40 to 65 yrs. This is the stage of development during which most people have children and provide guidance or a legacy to the next generation and in so doing
Identity – a mix of self expression and self concept (Berger, 2001, p. 434). According to Kathleen Berger, a New York Psychologist and author of the book The Developing Person Throughout the Lifespan, identity is discovered and experimented with during the adolescent years and is often understood as the exploration for a “consistent understanding of one’s self” (Burger, 2011, p.434). Erik Erikson, a developmental psychologist, theorized that adolescence was a part of life’s fifth psychosocial crisis known as identity vs. role confusion (Berger, 2011, p.434). He theorized that this crisis was resolved by obtaining identity achievement: a process by which the individual evaluates the values and goals of their p...
Jones, Cheryl. "Identity and Adolescents: How Adults Can Help." NCYL. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 May 2014. . fifth
Here children are becoming more independent and weary of the future. These individuals strive to be accepted into society and fit into the “normal”. This major stage is also where adolescents reconsider their identity and possibly make a change. The long time athletic star may discover his love for theater, thus prompting an identity metamorphosis. Erickson’s studies conclude that two incentives involved in this stage are sexual and occupational. Erickson also claims that adolescents are uncomfortable in their bodies because they simply haven 't adapted at their rate of change. While the roles and identity are in conflict, adolescents may have a difficult time trying to discover their real self because of confusion of what it means to fit in while maintaining their unique identity. This leaves adolescents to wonder who they are and what they could
Social work is a highly organized profession that involves a large broad of need-to-know knowledge base and the up most intellectual skills, which allows the social worker to follow a certain process of assessment and intervention when working with a service user. Throughout this essay an intervention plan will be developed, canvassing Trevithick’s framework of theoretical, factual and practical for the case study of Mrs. Browning. The case describes a widowed 85-year-old Mrs. Browning who has been admitted to Western Health Hospital after a fall at her home. Before the incident, she has managed independently with some support from her daughter who lives 50 miles away, whereas her other two adult children live out of state. The fall has resulted
Erik Erikson, a psychoanalyst, coined the phrase identity crisis when he observed a point in one's life where a period of change or debilitating uncertainty occurs. a turning point rather than a period of profound or debilitating uncertainty. Erikson acknowledged that identify issues could appear at any point in one's life, but the formation of identity itself would foreshadow the hardships to come. The shifts of life are often grouped into years, the transition between school grades, but a profound life changes such as parent’s divorce or abuse, accelerate the identity formation process. In a research paper published 2002 by Act for youth, the idea of identity across context was investigated. For example, teenagers often behavior differently when they are around their peers than they would with their parents. A
Identity vs. Role Confusion, one of Erikson’s stages of psychological development, states that around the ages of 12-18, a child struggles with finding sense of self. The child through success is able to differentiate between what they truly want to proceed with doing without falling into peer pressure’s grasp. But, with the failure to discover one’s sense of self, the child falls victim to friend’s opinions. This stage is one of the reason’s a child is unable to listen to the parent’s opinion versus the friend’s inviting suggestion. The adolescent is torn between whether the colleague understands the situation because of the age similarities and whether the parent understands clearly enough to give them advice. The child, at this age also sees the parent as the rival or enemy, viewing th...
According to Glover, Galliher, & Lamere (2009) formation of individual identity is perhaps the most significant of developmental tasks faced by early adolescents. Early adolescents are expected to negotiate forming a cohesive sense of self whilst their newfound cognitive abilities see their thinking become outward focused, causing them to become acutely aware of their social standing. Peer groups within the social context of early adolescent development play a significant role in identity formation as adolescents turn more toward their peers for support and information over their parents, and social belongingness becomes of primary importance (Teasdale & Bradley-Engen, 2010). Conflict becomes an inherent part of adolescent
One common crisis an adolescent will face is identity crisis. An identity crisis may occur at any time in the teenage years. It is a challenge an individual faced to find a sense of self. Not every adolescent goes through an identity crisis, but instead may face role confusions that are handed down by his/her parents. Some adolescents remain in a permanent state of crisis. Because there are more than two ways that people navigate their adolescent identity issues. (Whitbourne, 2012)
Identity for an adolescents point of view is important. Adolescents are far more self-conscious about their changes and the way they feel. While reading the text, I related to majority of the chapter. I remember going through the process around the time I hit puberty of trying to find out who I was. Every adolescent wants to have a sense of identity, where they know they are becoming someone and they want their peers to notice.
Understanding the different stages a family moves through at different times in its life will ensure the social worker is able to provide the most appropriate support for the family at that time. The support delivered to a family with young children would be quite different to the support given to a family with adolescents. Although the family as a unit travels through the stages together as a unit, it is important for a social worker to remember while planning support that even though the family may be at a specific stage, each family member may be at quite different individual stages. (Congress in (Coady & Lehmann, 2008) For example two parents of the same age may be at two different stages individually and therefore their needs may be quite different, even though they are at a certain developmental stage together as a family. It is important to consider where the family sits in the developmental stages when developing a care plan for the family, so that the social worker has an understanding of what is happening within the family at that time and their needs can be appropriately
The main issue that children face during this stage is self-identification. Adolescents are making the transition to adulthood and trying to figure out exactly who they are. Children during this time, often experience an identity crisis as they explore many different beliefs and value systems in the search for self-identity (Woolfolk, 2013, p.102). Societal forces, such as race, sex and class, also play an important role in self-identification, especially in regards to African American youth. Erikson believed that the search for identity encompassed not only how an individual viewed him or herself but also how they were viewed by society (Brittian 2012). African Americans, between the ages of 12 and 18, grapple with the same issues all adolescents experience, such as physical changes and the desire for autonomy. However, African American adolescents also deal with racial prejudice and the role that it plays in shaping their self-perception. According to Brittian (2012), the way that African Americans handle issues of race, rather problematic or constructive, has a major impact on the formation of their self-identity. Identity is the focal point of the adolescence stage and when children can’t decide who they are or their place in society, they become hampered by an identity
Instead, their specific needs may be changing over time in respond to their cognitive, social and emotional development (Eccles et al., 1993). Some negative changes may result from a mismatch between the needs of developing adolescents and the opportunities afforded to them in their various social environments. According to the theory, the unique developmental nature of adolescence partly results from the relation between changes in the developmental needs of adolescents and changes in the social contexts in which they live (Eccles et al., 1993; Eccles, Lord, & Roeser, 1996). Adolescents whose environments change in developmentally regressive ways are more likely to experience negative impacts on their engagement. In contrast, adolescents whose social environments effectively respond to their changing needs are more likely to experience positive outcomes on engagement. For example, considering that one of the salient developmental tasks confronting adolescents is establishing oneself as an autonomous being (Eccles et al., 1993; Smetana, 2000), it is not surprising to see the raise of stress and tension among family members if the needs for autonomous were not adequately addressed and
Identity can be considered relational and formative. Everybody has a sense of self or sense of personal identity. Our sense of self includes those roles, attributes, behaviors, and associations that we consider most important about ourselves. They and have a core impact on individual occupations, careers, friendships and social relationships, future family roles, and personal interests. Children acquire their sense of self and self-esteem slowly as they mature into adolescents. Identities develop over time and may change from time to time and place to place. Early in life, sense of self is associated with the security, protection, and acceptance that infants feel when cared for by adults they feel attached to. As a child matures, sense of self develops in concert with values observed in their parents. How we come to relate to our own sense of self begins by our earliest experiences. As we mature, we ultimately must deal with positive and negative aspects of peer pressure and role pressure. So that we can reflect on the individual we want to become based on deeply held values (Ylvisaker, Hibbard and Feeney, (2006)