Fish, plants, water and other organisms are living in our ecosystems. This type of pollution is not only harming them now, but will continue to harm them in the future. There are many ways how water pollution is harming our ecosystem, whether it is oil spills, marine dumping, nuclear waste, or atmospheric pollution, it is all harming water. Underground storage leakages play a role, yes, they are useful in many ways, but they are also very harmful. “Over time the steel corrodes and causes leakages, affecting soil and groundwater” (“Underground Storage Leakages” 1).
Of this seventy percent water only three percent is drinkable; the rest is deemed either toxic or contaminated with saltwater (Massavar-Rahmani). This three percent of drinkable water is reduced even further to one percent when we take into consideration its accessibility. The other two percent of usable drinking water can be found in various unusable places such as, “ice, icebergs, glaciers, and snowcaps” (Walsh 1). With our natural drinking supplies already vastly limited, humans are burning through the remaining one percent seemingly without care or thought of the imminent future. Climate shifts greatly affect water supplies around the globe.
Some of the main factors that cause droughts are insufficient rainfall, temperature and climate changes, and human factors. Factors that affect vulnerability include fragile physical environment, fragile economy, and lack of preparedness. A drought is defined as “a long period of abnormally low rainfall, especially one that adversely affects growing or living conditions” (“drought”). Droughts happen when an area does not receive anywhere near its average precipitation. They cause water and food shortages that have negative effects on the population.
The water that is returned is then of severely lower quality causing detrimental effects to biologic life. To complicate the problem at hand the Colorado River has experienced drought since 1999. Currently, according to The Bureau of Reclamation, most areas of the river are experiencing extreme drought conditions. The Colorado River is not only degrading, but also drying up due to climate change and poor water management, consequently modern human development is impeded and the environment permanently scarred, therefore to prevent further damage local and state authorities should plan to alter wasteful methods of water management. Poor water management is a key issue causing the de-vitalization of the Colorado River.
Causes of drought. [On-line]. Available: http://drought.unl.edu/Droughtforkids/what Isdrought/Causesofdrought.aspx. Oblack, B.(2014). What causes drought.
Bad harvest and famine are one of them (Brown 2008, 16). Also lack of water for elementary daily needs will lead to insanitariness. This will increase risk of spreading such diseases as typhoid, cholera and dysentery (10 facts about water scarcity 2009). Also disastrous water shortage in the Middle East may change existent struggle into regional conflict. It is evident that this problem needs to be immediately solved.