Drought is a large shadow that constantly hangs over the life of a farmer. Will there be enough winter and spring storms to keep the supply boosted? Will there be more regulations this year for the amount of water used? Few people understand that Agriculture in the Valley is a necessity and that without it the price of food will go up and the perfect farm land will be put to waste with a new development coming in. The economics of the Valley’s agriculture is essential to learn and understand.
California is going through the worse drought it has faced in many decades. It is not just the lack of rain we received last year, but poor management of our water resources which worsen the drought. The mere idea of running out of water is not to be taken lightly, only a small amount on our planet is safe for human consumption; keeping that in mind Californians must face the necessity to rationalize water in order to cope with the concurrent crisis. The practice of rationing will help maintain water levels. The expected result of this calamity is water shortages and a major impact in the agricultural level across our entire state.
As we continue into the year with the snowpack water levels were far below average, The average rainfall has decreased as well with only 60 percent normal rainfall in northern California, the more effects the drought in California will have on us.
"The South Texas Drought and the Future of Groundwater Use for Hydraulic Fracturing in the Eagle Ford Shale." St. Mary's Law Journal 44.2 (2013): 487-527. Academic Search Complete. Web. 19 Mar.
They cause water and food shortages that have negative effects on the population. Droughts can last for a few months or even years and are known as the ‘creeping’ hazard because they develop slowly and have a prolonged existence. Droughts are very difficult to predict, but researchers are working on advanced warning systems and trying to find a way to predict the lifespan of each drought. The three main hazards of a drought are communicable diseases, famine, and death. Communicable diseases are caused by the lack of water supply, sanitation, malnutrition, displacement, and the hig... ... middle of paper ... ...isconsin Board of Regents, 1986.
Thus, roughly one-third of Texas and Oklahoman farmers left their homes and headed to California in search of migrant work. The droughts during the 1930s are a drastically misrepresented factor of the Dust bowl considering “the 1930s droughts were, in the words of a Weather Bureau scientist, the worst in the climatological history of the country.” (Worster 232) Some of the direct effects of the droughts were that many of the farmers’ crops were damaged by deficient rainfall, high temperatures, and high winds, as well as insect infestations and dust storms that accompanied these conditions. What essentially happened was that the soil lacked the stronger root system of grass as an anchor, so the winds easily picked up the loose topsoil and swirled it into dense dust clouds, called “black blizzards.” The constant dry weather caused crops to fail, leaving the plowed fields exposed to wind erosion. The effects of the drought happened so rapidly and progressively over time that
Drought Over the past century, the United States has experienced many extreme droughts, all ranging in severity. A drought is defined as the deficiency of precipitation over a period of time which leads to a shortage of water, impacting the community, agriculture, economy, and much more. The intensity of a drought varies depending on the region and its average amount of rainfall. For example, if a region that typically receives rain every day were to go a month without it, they would struggle much more than a region that typically only gets rain four months out of the year. Because of this, there are multiple factors that weigh in on characterizing the drought and its intensity as well as its consequences, both short term and long term, on that specific region.
When people think about droughts they think about the short term effects that are playing roles on the economy, however, many people don’t think of the long term affects that droughts can have on the economy. Droughts are dangerous, they don’t only affect one area or thing but can disable or damage an entire food chain, which in the end can cause serious problems for people all over the U.S. over an extended amount of time. The focal point of this paper will be about the drought of 2012 and how it affected the U.S. agriculture including crops, livestock, and even food prices later on down the road. Droughts, according to the National Drought Mitigation Center, originate from a deficiency of precipitation over an extended period of time, usually a season or more, resulting in a water shortage for some activity, group, or environmental sector (N.D.M.C, 2014). However, droughts differ depending on location and geography of the land, for example, living in California and having a dry summer wouldn’t be considered a drought because that is expected for that certain area.
One of the major concerns in today’s Agricultural system is the use of water, and the short supply of water. A more immediate problem is nitrate contamination in millions of private well around the country. As one can imagine most of these wells are found on private farms around the United States. Nationally 1.4 million households drink water from private wells with nitrate levels that exceed the federal drinking water standard of 10 parts per million (ppm)( Ready, R., & Henken, K.). There is an estimated damage to a household from drinking water from a nitrate contaminated well to be $635 per year, with a total damage of almost $900 million per year to private well owners (Ready, R., & Henken, K.).
On the other hand droughts in Dokur occur 3 out of every 5 years. These droughts are partly the result of climate change, which cause a lack of rainfall. Because there is much agriculture in Dokur, water is highly needed.