According to Jon Dorbolo “A just war must be initiated by a political authority within a political system that allows distinctions of Justice.” President Madison (1809-1817) made attempts to stop the war by exchanging the Embargo Act of (1807-1809) by President Jefferson with the Non-Intercourse act which opened up all other foreign markets except Britain and France. Due to the fact that the British and France markets where the biggest markets available this did little to nothing to improve the struggling U.S economy. After three years of failed negotiation, the pro-war voices in Congress were much stronger in America. In June 1812, swayed of the inevitability of war against Britain, P...
...ish impressments of American seamen and the seizure of cargoes impelled Madison to give in to the pressure. On June 1, 1812, he asked Congress to declare war. It became known as the War of 1812. The young nation was not prepared to fight due to the cut backs on the military. The American forces were beat easily. The British, then, entered Washington and set fire to the White House and the Capitol. The war ended in 1814 with the signing of the Treaty of Ghent. The War of 1812 played a key role in unifying the new nation and for ensuring the economic survival of the nation as it continued to expand westward.
Andrew Jackson Andrew Jackson, born in 1767 was a child of poor Scotch-Irish immigrants. He ended up with enough education to be qualified to practice law. Jackson’s father died before he was born. The Revolutionary War started soon after he was born. It was very bloody in the wild and poor country where they lived. Jackson at the age of 13, joined a regiment. He was captured by the British, was wounded and nearly killed by a sword to the face for not polishing a British officers boots. He and his brother, imprisoned together, caught smallpox. Jackson’s mother got the boys released, but his brother died on the long trip home. His mother later went to tend wounded American prisoners and was fatally stricken by cholera. By his 30’s Jackson had been elected a member of the United States House of Representatives of Tennessee and was senator, but resigned after one year. During The War of 1812, Jackson had some difficulties due to some enemies he made. In between overcoming various Indian tribes they won the war. After most of the capitol city of Washington was burned by the British, the Americans were badly in need of cheering up. Jackson became a United States Major General- this was very different from a state militia Major General. He continued to have military successes, though in his invasion of Spanish Florida, he got the reputation of being a kind of Caesar. In 1821, Jackson, at the age of 54 was in a very dangerous state of health.
...d or supplies. Instead of disbanding as ordered, he led his troops back to Tennessee without a scratch. They called him old hickory because he was a tough as hickory wood. And lastly, Jackson was the only president to have been a prisoner of war. He was thirteen when he joined the South Carolina militia to fight in the Revolutionary War. After his capture, he was ordered to clean the boots of a British officer. Jackson refused, so the officer drew his sword and slashed Jackson across the forehead and arm, which left a scar.
During his first term as president, the issue of impressment came up heavily. The non intercourse act that was passed did not prevent the American merchants from trading with the countries that were embargoed(France and England). This lead to him declaring the war of 1812, which he knew they were not prepared to fight. The union was in discord and Madison was not supported, eventually leading to the British marching in and burning the White House. The battle of New Orleans was one of the most memorable battles of the war, resulting in a victory for the U.S. Although the news of the treaty of Ghent came after the battle, the treaty of Ghent ended the war. Madison stayed true in his beliefs through the war although he was met with
The charging of his would-be assassin is representative of how Jackson handled much of his Presidency: strong-armed and unafraid. When Jackson decided on something, he would relentlessly wear down his opponents. In addition to staring down the Bank supporters and the nullifiers, Jackson slowly won an argument which the French government that had dragged on for almost two decades. The French refused to pay Americans back for damages caused on shipping during the Napoleonic wars, even though they had paid such damages to the British. Then, finally, when damages were assessed in 1831, the French made no move to pay them. But with the people–even the Whigs–behind him, Jackson was not afraid to demand payment. In a message to Congress he suggested a bill to penalize French holdings for the amount of the damages, and in 1836 the French had paid four of six installments of damages. Jackson's announcement helped lay the groundwork for a successful White House bid by Vice President Martin Van Buren–thereby avenging Van Buren's failed nomination to be minister to Britain. Never one to leave a friend behind, Jackson also hoped to avenge the failed nomination of his Treasury Secretary, Roger Taney, whom he later nominated and had confirmed as Chief Justice.
He had dropped out to become a soldier in the war and to fight for his country. He had first been a lieutenant but after being injured in a battle he was promoted as a major. He actually had fought alongside with George Washington.When he had first joined the army he had joined the 3rd virginia regiment. But he had ended up at harlem heights and survived. But in the year of 1814 he had become a secretary of war. He was always a man who would sacrifice his own life for anyone else who was a part of this country. He was actually the last of the founding fathers to make an appearance.( James Monroe.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 11 Dec. 2017)This explains that he was a big influence in the war because he was always in it and was always a important person while there was a war to
There were many causes of the War of 1812. The most generalized cause for the war was Britain being resentful after the American wanted to be independent. The British and the American colonists had been feuding since the beginning of the United States. The War of 1812 was also in response to a series of economic actions taken by the British and French against the United States as a part Napoleon’s rise to power, as well as the American people being angered at the British practice of impressments. Another cause was when the Nonintercourse Act allowed for trade with Europe except France or Britain (and their colonies). The American people tried to stay neutral because they need valuable goods from both the British and the French. This in fact would not become the case when the British stopped American trade ships, captured American merchants at sea and attempted to get them to enlist in the British Navy, as well as started using Native Americans to hinder the Americans from expanding, making the people ready to fight. However, a lot of the merchants (in the North) questioned the War. This did not influence President Madison having Congress declare war against the British in 1812 though.
Jefferson’s role in the War for Independence is part of what makes him great, the amazing deeds that he accomplished after were extraordinary as well. According to ushistory.org, “In 1784 Jefferson went to France as an associate Diplomat with Franklin and Adams. It was in that year that wrote an article establishing the standard weights, measures, and currency units for the United States. He succeeded Franklin as Minister to France the following year. When he returned home in 1789, he joined the Continental Congress for a while, and was then appointed Secretary of State under George Washington.” In 1796, he ran for president of the United States however, he lost to his colleague John Adams. Although he was not successful in the preceding elections, on February 17, 1801 Thomas Jefferson was elected to be the third President of the United States as a part of the Democratic Republican Party. Mr. Jefferson believed in freedom of speech, religion, and assembly and made that a focal point in his presidency. He was an advocate for individual rights and protected them. In the amendments of the Constitution, Thomas Jefferson pushed for these concepts to be included. In 1803, the United States gained control of much of the land west of the Mississippi River from the Louisiana Purchase. Thomas Jefferson instructed Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to explore the land that was obtained in the Louisiana Purchase. Even after his presidency, he continued to be involved in
John was very busy as president. In 1798 the French refused to meet with three commissions that John had appointed and offered the commissions a bribe. Many Federalists wanted to declare war. Though John was not willing to declare war, he was willing to arm. He sent envoys to make peace with France and in 1801 a peace treaty was signed. He considered the treaty with France his greatest accomplishment. When he was not reelected in 1801 he returned home