Vygotsky And Jean Piaget's Perspective On Cognitive Development

explanatory Essay
1168 words
1168 words

Cognitive development is a study in neuroscience and psychology which focuses on child development, this theory was proposed by Jean Piaget who was a major force in the establishment of this field, cognitive development is mainly based on the development of the ability to think and understand. According to (Health, 2017) this theory is based on the structure of thought processes such as knowing how to solve problems, decision making and remembering things and these thought processes are from childhood even through to adulthood. This theory had lead Piaget to become intrigued to why children give the wrong answers to the questions which is required for logical thinking. According to simply Psychology (2017), Jean Piaget had suggested that the …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that cognitive development is a study in neuroscience and psychology which focuses on child development. it's based on the structure of thought processes such as solving problems, decision making, and remembering things.
  • Explains that this theory focuses on the development of children by explaining how the child constructs a mental mode of the world.
  • Explains the pre-operational, concrete operational, and formal operational stages of a child's development.
  • Explains piaget's theory that children learn as they interact with things in their environment. however, some children can develop more slowly than others, while others develop faster.
  • Analyzes how vygotsky and bruner questioned if the theory was real, arguing that social interaction is important for cognitive development, while piaget did his own observations on children.
  • Explains that cognitive development is influenced by maturation of the nervous system, experience, and social transmission of teaching. condition is the mental activity and behaviour which allows humans to understand the world around them.
  • Explains that this theory is relevant to child development as it has an importance on a child’s overall development.
  • Explains that cognitive development is the process by which a child learns to reason, solve problems and be able to think consciously. pre-school children learn by listening, playing, and watching others hence why the adults working with these children should ask them questions about their surroundings.
  • Opines that learning should be student-centered and accomplished through active discovery learning. the role of the adult is to enable learning, so they should encourage students to focus on the process of learning rather than the end product of it.

Vygotsky and Bruner had questioned if the theory was even real, they both did not want to discuss the development stages but however believed that development was a continuous process. Jean Piaget had mainly concentrated on the universal stages of cognitive development but did not mention the effects of a child’s social settings and cultural influences can have on cognitive development of the child. Vygotsky argued that social interaction is important for cognitive development to occur due to social interaction being able to provide language opportunities as it is the foundation of thought. Piaget did his own observations on children, when he was doing this he wrote diary descriptions on how these children were developing. Due to these observations being done on his own, the data which he collected is of his own interpretation of his own children hence why this is biased, and this theory also lacks scientific control. If he had conducted the research with another researcher it would be more reliable as they could both see if they have the same results and, he did not continue to study the children throughout their lifespan. Furthermore, Vygotsky and Bruner (996) had believed that the concept of schema is mismatched with their theories. This is due to the schema theory not being able to be directly measured due to it being an internal process and the initial idea of development was explained but he never explained

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