Vertical Farming - Turning Agriculture Upside-Down
Food is one of the essentials of life, it is not something that we can choose to eat or not; but rather something we need in order to produce energy and survive. Not only is food essential but also sparse. Until the introduction of large scale agriculture food was something which people needed to forage and hunt. Lack of food has been a source for wars, famine, and starvation; all things we as human beings should strive to avoid.
Here are some facts about what to expect by 2050. There will be a population increase of 3 billion people to 9.5 billion. Currently 50% of the population is living in Urban areas, by 2050 that number will jump to 80%. Currently 15% of suitable land has been laid to waste by poor management practices. These are some shocking figures, and the reason is down to two things misappropriation of technology and greed.
Throughout the past 100 years agricultural processes which have been born out of the industrial, chemical, and then later the genetical revolutions are at first viewed as saviors to growing crops at cheaper and cheaper prices based on the principals of economies of scale. The more you produce, the cheaper you produce it. However this technological advances which border upon miracles are in-fact destroying the nutritional value of soil all over the world, and opening new doors to infectious disease and immune parasites.
After the industrial revolution farmers began growing only cash crops; what ever could make them the most money at that point in time. The problem with this method of farming is that when there is no crop rotation only certain minerals and nutrients are drained from the soil where as others which can even be toxic to other p...
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... is also creating extra jobs for people living inside a city where finding a job can be somewhat difficult.
Indoor hydroponic food production allows for maximum regulation of growing environments, from temperature, to water usage and sunlight exposure. Only organic growing techniques will be implemented as a solution of nutrients for optimal health and growth.
If disease or pests do somehow contaminate a section of the farm, that section can easily be quarantined and the problem dealt with.
Vertical Farming has many different applications and many different types of farms can be built to cater to different environments and cultures. There are designs of large Pyramid shaped structures to be used in areas like Egypt, a country very heavily fit be the food crisis, and large intricate sky scrappers planned for places like Chicago which sits next to a body of water.