Types of Abuse and the Long Term Effects

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Abuse typically is broken down into four different types which include; physical, sexual, emotional or psychological, and neglect (Norman et al., 2012). During the 2012 fiscal year there were an estimated 686,000 abused and neglected children in the United States (Child Maltreatment, 2012). 686,000 includes children who were found by the state to have suffered from at least one form of abuse, and includes the children who died as a result of abuse (Child Maltreatment, 2012). There are many signs and symptoms that can be exhibited by children who suffer abuse, some signs and symptoms overlap, and some are unique to the type of abuse the child is suffering. Besides the experience of abuse and the imitate signs a child may display there are also long term effects of abuse that can last into adulthood. The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of the four types of abuse, the signs and symptoms, and the long term effects that an abused child can face throughout their life.
Physical Abuse
Physical abuse of a child is defined as the intentional use of excessive physical force that does or can result in injury, health risks, developmental issues, and possibly even death (Norman et al., 2012). In most cases, a child is abused by a parent or a caregiver, but sometimes the abuse can be inflicted by an older sibling (Crosson-Tower, 2008). Differences in culture can skew the line between tradition, discipline, and abuse (Crosson-Tower, 2008). Typically abuse is when a bruise or a mark is left and is visible for a prolonged amount of time, and when an investigation takes place culture is taken into account to an extent (Crosson-Tower, 2008). One of the most common indicators of physical abuse is bruises (Crosson-Tower, 2008)....

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