Transitioning urban area towards a more sustainable future: Changing attitude toward a place through integrated urbanism

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Critical analysis

In the course of the last decades, participatory and integrated approaches have become important factors of change in planning processes and projects. Rapid changes in the economic, political and social orders of cities have increased tensions between different actors and interests which call for new approaches to urban planning and urban design practices. In addition, processes of democratization, accompanied by the increasing strength of civil society and the access to information has forced city governments to become more accountable and more responsive to citizen demands (Devas et al., 2004). Integrated urbanism is becoming more acceptable for urban design. Following this integrated strategy Hatirjheel area is developed. With the collaboration of RAJUK (Rajdhani Unnayan Kortipokho), LGED (Local Government Engineering Department), WASA (Water Supply & Sewerage Authority) and research expert from BUET (Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology) Vitti design and execute a project that reflects the demand for transportation system, water system and above all the right of the inhabitants. This single project deals with landscape, ecology and urbanism. Urban park, youth recreation area, theatre, green area, ecological island, water courtyard, water side development, floating deck, green walk way and many other facilities offered in the master plan. Several facilities are in the queue to be finished near future. To justify the sustainability of this project four pillars that enhance the sustainability features are considered here.

Social development
Before Hatirjheel project the area was neglected, so the community. Hatirjheel was known as a Dark Place for pollution and crime. Illegal settlements with...

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