We see it especially prevalent during rush hours. You can ignore it, but n... ... middle of paper ... ...r the pollution they are contributing when driving on the roads. Typically, the environmental benefits of road pricing are, more often than not, regarded as a co-benefit to implementing road pricing (Arnold, 2013, p. 18). The bulk of the benefit to introduce road pricing still remains with generating revenue and reducing congestion. Politically implementing road pricing has been a tough battle, but it is actually believed to change people’s habits.
Society today has drawn itself to far from that original perspective. It seems that today people are more concerned about how they look in what they ride in versus the original principal of the matter; that is, the efficiency of relocation of persons or things. The automobile may have originally been viewed as a positive aspect of efficient population transportation; however, it is arguably the single worst cause of pollution today (Bach,17). In the eternal search for a more efficient means of transportation, public transit sheds a bit of light onto the subject. Why not let this light shine down on to our wonderful hometown?
Secondly, it increases the chances of no basic access to land and health services to urban poor residents of slum areas in the cities. Lastly, urban transition can result in lower sustainability due to increasing amount of migrations. The trend of moving to bigger city in search for a “better” living condition and “safer” future could cost a city or even a nation huge amounts of loss. Even though there are many benefits to going through urban transformation, urban transition should not occur within a country or a city because it results in urban overpopulation due to migration and causes lower sustainability. Overpopulation On contrary, urban transition is usually thought of as beneficial for the country.
Many issues we face with urban development and growth actually stem from government regulations and planning done poorly. For example, traffic congestion where the government has not effectively controlled access to its roads. Each of the three types of expansion discussed each has their pros and cons however one fact is that if properly planned is actually beneficial to the growth of society without harming nature. urban development and growth can be beneficial to both businesses, homeowners and the planet. If properly planned and examined it allows for natural expansion to reduce congestion and pollution by allowing more nature and a more organic mesh between residential areas, businesses and
Surprisingly, urban sprawl can sometimes be a helpful solution to this problem. As stated before urban sprawl is the movement from major urban areas to smaller suburban areas, that are usually dependent on cars to get from place to place. While some might think this may cause problems for the inner city areas, it can help in the aspect of reducing overpopulation. The more people that decide to move out of the city the less likely the area is to over-populate. This can, in turn reduce a number of other problems associated with overpopulation such as environmental costs, public health, and safety.
Road pricing can solve congestion Congestion pricing or placing a fee for the use of roads that could be highly congested is also a means of generating revenue and can be an effective measure to reduce congestion in areas prone to high congestion levels (Maria Borjesson, Jonas Eliasson, Muriel Hugosson and Karin Brundel-Freij 2012). Congestion pricing can also attempt to make other transport options such as public transport more appealing to road users as it would be expensive to operate your own vehicle rather than to make use of public transport. By doing so, air pollution could also be decreased as there are less vehicles on the roads. Many users will be discouraged to use certain roads as they need to pay to use them, and may find alternative routes or change the times at which they usually travel. This decreases congestion and the roads will be used for longer periods of time and will not be only focused at specific intervals resulting in high congestion... ... middle of paper ... ...ssageway for emergency vehicles as they cannot pass to reach victims in time.
The successful process of urban areas brings problems including shortage of housing ,long journey from residence to work, migration of people from countryside to urban areas and traffic congestion. We cannot ignore them, otherwise they will be much worse in the future. What can we do? It is widely believed that sustainable development can successfully solve the problems caused by urbanization, such as lack of resources, high prices, shortages of food and unemployment. Urbanization results in a huge need of resources and causes the lack of them.
It is urban infrastructure that ensures the stable operation of industry, qualities of citizens’ lives and efficient running of societies . Transport system is of great importance. Bad traffic can cause many inconveniences to people and lessen the efficiency of physical distribution. Furthermore, roads are the nutrition tubes of the economy. Without a well-designed traffic system, it is difficult to increase the fortunes of a city.
This causes overuse and congestion. Congestion occurs when the demand for transportation surpasses the supply. Not only does excessive use of the automobile affect congestion and traffic circulation, but it also leads to a decrease... ... middle of paper ... ...s in Prospect Park, and expanded the bicycle network. New York City and the MTA have implemented a new Bus Rapid Transit routes, with more than twenty new lines to link underserved communities. This Rapid Transit system has saved many outer-borough commuters a lot of time and has stimulated the economies of communities the subway does not reach.
I will also have to take into account the financial constraints and public inconveniences, such as road closures that may result and put unacceptable strain on the functioning of the city. A common suggestion to relieve city centre was to simply build more car parks. Although this seems a simple solution, it does not completely solve the problem. One of the main advantages to doing this is that commuters and visiting tourists and shoppers are able to park their car somewhere safe. In addition, it would probably relieve congestion in the city centre considerably.