Psychoanalysis therapy’s main goal is to insure that patients become aware of themselves and their surroundings by digging deep into their unconscious mind. Both therapies work on making the client change their way of thinking by showing them how to think differently. These two therapies will be used to find a way to understand why Raskolnikov acts in impulsive ways causing others around him trouble. Psychoanalytic Therapy Sigmund Freud known to be the father of Psychoanalysis , contributed a large deal of this research on the construct of the unconscious mind. Freud valued the effect that the id, ego and superego had on a pe... ... middle of paper ... ...we must understand that these patients involve a long process that allows them to change their belief system.
Jung simply stated that people also have a collective unconscious expressed through art and mythology. This approach allows the therapist a chance to explore the insensate and conscious parts of a mind. It gives a view of the conscious and unconscious underlying problems behind the client’s actions and behaviors. Psychodynamic approaches looks at the process of the insensate mind that produce current behaviors. Haggerty 2006, states that this approach originated in and is informed by psychoanalytic theory which stems from psychoanalysis.
Behavioral is a directive approach based on the main beliefs of classical as well as instrumental conditioning that focuses on behaviour and not just the thoughts. A suggestion that combines these two is believed to be Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. I found a website that further explains these approaches: The psycho dynamic approach is a form of depth psychology, the objective of this technique for the psychotherapist is to open up the unconscious content of the mind in order to treat the psychic anxiety of the patient. Even though this method stems from the psychoanalysis it is a smaller amount comprehensive technique. The humanistic/existential approach associated with the conviction that human beings are alone in this world, for the reason of this belief is that a pe... ... middle of paper ... ...herapy.
This externalization of emotions then helped the patient to mitigate the symptoms of her neurosis. The theory of repression is both a subjectification as well as a scientific classification. It can be termed as scientific classification because it objectifies the action of suppression of certain emotions in order to study a person’s mental health. It can also be called subjectification because in the Freudian school of psychoanalysis, the symptoms of a neurotic person will abate only when the patient come to terms with the traumatic experiences that are being
How are people “put together,” how do they “work,” and how do they “fall apart.” The psychodynamic theory emphasizes personality as primarily unconscious. Sigmund Freud thought everything derived from the human sex drive. Since the psychodynamic theories diverged from Freud’s psychoanalytic version, they share some common principles: • Personality is determined both by current experiences and, as the original psychoanalytic theory proposed, by early life experiences • We mentally transform our experiences, giving them meaning that shapers our personality • The mind is not all consciousness; unconscious motives lie behind some of our puzzling behavior (King). Alongside Freud there was Karen Horney and Carol Jung. Horney rejected the classical psychodynamic concept.
The theory states that people are in search of the unconscious meaning to their unhealthy behaviors to gain more insight into and control over their behaviors, urges, and desires. 3. Psychoanalysis Theory assumes that psychological issues are found in the unconscious mind and surfaced symptoms, like anxiety, are the result of hidden disturbances. Freud contended that understanding the feelings and behaviors of an adult means looking at childhood experiences. The claim is that those experiences are the cause of one repressing certain memories and emotions.
His concentration was upon the procedural state of the mind as well as referring back to the memory. He had based his psychoanalytic technique on the episodic and the procedural states; in addition, setting forth in analyzing a narcissistic patient in his experiment. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) is best acknowledged for his unconscious psychodynamic theory, indeed in structuring of human personality as well as in shaping the behavior. His theory was centralized upon the feelings and thoughts that we are normally unaware of in a general state. His attention was based on understanding the behavior that is primarily leading us from the sexual instincts, aggression, and drives.
Psychoanalysis opened up a new view on mental illness, suggesting that talking about problems with a professional could help relieve symptoms of psychological distress. Freud believed that this theory of treatment would help patients bring traumatic memories and their accompanying affect into the consciousness in ways that would allow them to form a connection with other conscious thoughts so that the patient can begin to ‘heal’ and accept the things that are affecting them in their unconscious mind. Psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud believed that there are three levels of awareness. These are the conscious, preconscious and unconscious. The conscious mind includes everything that we are aware of.
Theorists such as Carl Jung and Karen Horney, adapted and built on Freud’s ideas and formed new theories of personality. Carl Jung viewed the unconscious as the ego’s source of strength and energy. Karen Horney believed that both conscious and unconscious factors influence personality and that anxiety was a powerful force on personality outcomes. Like Freud, Jung and Horney’s theories support and provide reasoning for mental disorders and specific behavior. Overall, the psychoanalytic approach digs into a person’s past and life experiences to provide reasons for current behavior and allows them to overcome their issues.
In this paper I will be comparing and contrasting the Psychoanalytic formulations of addiction and the Cognitive models of addiction. According to Dennis L. Thombs, “people tend to get psychoanalysis and psychotherapy mixed up. Psychotherapy is a more general term describing professional services aimed at helping individuals or groups overcome emotional, behavioral or relationship problem” (119). According to Thombs and Osborn, “Cognitive refers to the covert mental process that are described by a number of diverse terms, including thinking, self-talk, internal dialogue, expectations , beliefs, schemas and so much more” (160). I believe these two factors play a major part in an individual’s life that has an addiction.