The uses of Realism/Naturalism in “The Open Boat”

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Thinking in the meaning of Realism and Naturalism confused most of the people. Realism represents the things that are or were in a vivid illustration of reality. The Washington State University website defines Realism as “a literary technique practiced by many schools of writing. Although strictly speaking, realism is a technique, it also denotes a particular kind of subject matter, especially the representation of middle-class life. A reaction against romanticism, an interest in scientific method, the systematizing of the study of documentary history, and the influence of rational philosophy all affected the rise of realism.” The Naturalism is a movement that emphasized in how the environment and heredity controls the people. Also the Washington State University web page defines Naturalism as “a type of literature that attempts to apply scientific principles of objectivity and detachment to its study of human beings.” These two American literature movements happened in the story The Open Boat by Stephen Crane. The Open Boat is an extraordinary story that describes Realism and Naturalism. This story is about the real experience of Crane. Crane was in a boat on his way to cover an emerging war in Cuba. On December 31, 1896, Stephen begun his journey to cover the war in the Atlantic Ocean. In January 2 the ship sank. The only survivors were the captain that is injured, the oiler, the cook, and the correspondent. These four men are in a damage dinghy that almost stand in the surface of the Ocean. The story of Crane reveals the situation of each member of the story. The captain that is injured, calm, and lead and give orders to the crew. He is the man that have had the authority. The cook was a man that keeps everyone in a good moo... ... middle of paper ... ...e species that survives, nor the most intelligent that survives. It is the one that is most adaptable to change.” The readers got an incredible opportunity to see beyond the lovely and imaginary stories. Works Cited "Charles Darwin." - Wikiquote. 23 Mar. 2014 . "Darwinian literary studies." Wikipedia. 15 Mar. 2014. Wikimedia Foundation. 23 Mar. 2014 . Donna M. Campbell. "Naturalism in American Literature." Literary Movements. 07 Apr 2013. Dept. of English, Washington State University. 23 Mar 2014. . Donna M. Campbell. "Realism in American Literature, 1860-1890." Literary Movements. 07 Apr 2013. Dept. of English, Washington State University. 23 Mar 2014. .
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