Jean Piaget was one of the most prominent researchers of the 20th century in the field of psychology and human development. He concentrated his attention on the biological influences on the psychological portrait of the person and developmental stages. Piaget pointed out that the development of a person passes through certain stages; each stage can be characterized by specific features. He argued that learning about the world was possible through personal experience. However, his inspiration of developing the idea of cognitive growth and changes of people came while researching child behavior.
Piaget later theorised that these categories were not innate but rather developed through qualitative stages and are learned over time as a child develops. Piaget's research unearthed a new understanding of childhood cognitive development. Childhood psychologist David Elkind credits his research to Piaget. Elkind's research is mainly based on Piaget's theories which focus on cognitive, perceptual, and social development in children and adolescents, as well as the causes and effects of stress on children, adolescents, and families. Conclusion Jean Piaget's research has provided the future childhood psychologists with a means for their own research.
It was also used to test a child’s intelligence at times in their life to see if they are succeeding or not doing so great. Alfred Binet contributed to society through how him and is advisors created the test, making the first intelligence test, supporting the second intelligence test, and how he has contribute to today’s society. The first idea of a test was created when Alfred Binet was asked to be a member of the Free Society for the Psychological Psychology at the Sorbonne. His group was appointed to the Commission for the Retarded. They were asked, “What should be the test given to children thought to possibly have learning disabilities, that might place them in a spe... ... middle of paper ... ...al age then multiplying by 100 (Mental Age/Chronological Age x 100 = IQ) This pertains to current life because the tests that were formed back then are being taken now by everyone who goes to school.
In my child development class this semester, we learned a lot about the psychologist Jean Piaget and his work with children. Interestingly enough, Tweney mentions Piaget for his ideas of the “child as scientist.” The theories of Piaget actually fit right in with Tweney’s ideas of cognitive thought and science. Piaget was a student of biology, psychology and philosophy and he used those fields to construct his idea of “symbolic thought,” which is the coordination of thought and action by children as they construct knowledge from the world and people. This actually falls under the ideas of genetic epistemology, which is the experimental science of the acquisition of knowledge. A result from one of the studies mentioned struck my attention.
Following his schooling he became increasingly interested in psychology and began much research and studying of the subject. From this research Piaget created a broad theoretical system for the development of cognitive abilities. His work, in this way, was much like that of Sigmund Freud, but Piaget emphasized the ways that children think and acquire knowledge. Piaget referred to his theory as genetic epistemology. This is defined as the study of the acquisition, modification, and growth of abstract ideas and the abilities as on the basis of an inherited or biological substrate, an intelligent functioning that makes the growth of abstract thought possible.
Education before Frobel While there have many great philosophers of our time the one that influenced Friedrich Froebel include; Comenius who in 1649 published a book about how children were born with a natural craving for knowledge and goodness and that school’s beat it out of them. He was also known as the father of modern education that tried to improve the way that students were taught. Next we have Rousseau who was one of the two main philosopher who inspired Froebel; in 1762 expounded a new theory of education that emphasized the importance of expression rather than repression to produce well-balanced, free-thinking children. He believed that by offering a child choices but controlling those choices exposed him to appropriate stimuli that would generate life experiences. While Froebel was not as inspired by his work, Fichte advocated a national system that would stimulated the desire for improving education by developing the individual for the benefit of the community, stimulate the individual into independent activity, and develop character and good will.
Cognitive Development According to Piaget Works Cited Missing Cognitive development is defined as gradual orderly changes by which mental processes become more complex and sophisticated, or the scientific study of how human beings develop in certain orderly stages as they get older. The actual study of cognition refers to the process of knowing; it is the study of all mental activities related to acquiring, storing, and using knowledge (Microsoft, 2001, p.3). How we as humans develop cognitively has been thoroughly observed and researched by Jean Piaget. He was a cognitivist: he believed that our environment stimulates us to learn on our own (make our own intelligence). Piaget was a Swiss psychologist who had a major impact on educational theory in the early 20th century.
Piaget has had a great impact on early childhood psychology development. Largely because of his work, teachers have modified their approach in teaching by applying some of his principles. Additionally, the lasting legacy created by Piaget’s theory is the very basis by many modern psychologists to describe what happens at phases of cognitive development for children at certain ages. Overall, we can therefore say that Piaget’s theory is a major model for understanding the intricate steps of mental development from the thinking to understanding for a child. Also, one can say Jean Piaget was truly an insightful and profound man who holds great impact in today’s psychology.
Piaget’s Theory On August 9, 1896, Jean Piaget was born into this world not knowing he was going to be such an influence on the educational world today. “It is possible to give a rough definition of Piaget’s principal scientific concerns in a single sentence: he is primarily interested in the theoretical and experimental investigation of the qualitative development of intellectual structures” (Flavell, 1963, p. 15). Piaget was a theorist who placed an emphasis on the development of social behavior and nature as they contributed to cognitive development. When looking at cognitive development, you are focusing on problem-solving and how it develops throughout childhood. Piaget was a major believer in children adapting to their environment.