Philip recognized that people brought up without hearing Navajo spoken had no chance at all to decipher this unwritten, strangely syntactical, and guttural language (Navajo). Fortunately, Johnston was capable of developing this idea because his missionary father had raised him on the Navajo reservation. As a child, Johnston learned the Navajo language as he grew up along side his many Navajo friends (Lagerquist 19). With this knowledge of the language, Johnston was able to expand upon the idea of Native Americans transmitting messages in their own language in order to fool enemies who were monitoring transmissions. Not only did the Code Talkers transmit messages in Navajo, but the messages were also spoken in a code that Navajos themselves could not understand (Paul 7).
Last modified 1995. Accessed February 17, 2014 Satz, Ronald N. American Indian Policy in the Jacksonian Era. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2002. The Office of the Historian. “Indian Treaties and the Removal Act of 1830.” Accessed on April 20, 2014 https://history.state.gov/milestones/1830-1860/indian-treaties Wallace, Anthony F. C. The Long, Bitter Trail: Andrew Jackson and the Indians.
http://sites.netscape.net/indianlawusa/worcester. Accessed on December 23, 2001. Works Cited Foreman, Grant. The Five Civilized Tribes Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1934. Quote from the Niles Weekly Register, cited in Foreman, p. 339 Wallace, Antony The Long, Bitter Trail.
74, No. 1 (Winter, 2000), p. 241 Published by: Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40155540. Accessed: 08/08/2012 04:09 p.m. A Suitable Boy by Vikram Seth Review by: Bruce King World Literature Today, Vol. 68, No. 2, Indian Literatures: In the Fifth Decade of Independence (Spring, 1994), pp.