Although more choices allows for a “better” decision logically, in that more choices would increase the probability of a more satisfying decision, that may not be for the best. Altogether, when presented with a limited number of choices as compared to extensive choices, individuals find it easier to make a decision. Therefore, extensive choices do not necessary lead to autonomy and freedom. In situations whereby the number of options multiplies, it positively correlates to the expectation of the object being decided upon (Schwartz, 2004). Often, the problem arises when an individual is given too many options to choose from; therefore, expectations increase as comparison sets in as the individual compares what he/she has, to what is expected of it.
The Science of Psychology “Psychology is the scientific study of mind, brain and behaviour. Some of what you do learn may seem like ‘common sense’, or at least familiar to you because you are learning about topics in which you can relate to. However some things you may believe is true, but is incorrect. The way we know this is through the application of scientific methods.” Mark Leary suggests that the subject matter of psychology is much more familiar to most people than is the subject matter of physics or biology; we see behaviour all around us. Psychology would be an odd science of thought and behaviour if it only considered thoughts and behaviours completely foreign to people’s experiences, or if its finding always can counter to most people’s beliefs.
Others feel that this standard for treatments is much too confining for the complex field of psychology and that many good treatments cannot be backed by hard data. The American Psychological Association President Task Force on Evidence-Based Treatment came out with a plan for psychology that effectively maintains a high scientific standard but allows for a variety of research designs to be used in determining how to treat a patient. This plan of evidence-based practice in psychology (EBPP) is a strong standard for psychology because it allows patients to receive science-backed treatment that is still personalized. EBPP “is the integration of the best available research with clinical expertise in the context of patient characteristics, culture, and preferences” (APA Task Force 2006). The first major facet of EBPP is the use of the best available research.
The more controlled the research strategies are the less natural they are and the more questionable if it’s conclusions real life applications will be effective. For example, experimental research is extremely controlled and loses it’s naturalism. Experimental research being so heavily controlled allows its researchers to make sure they hit every criteria that needs to be met in order to find causation. Experimental research uses laboratory experiments and field experiments. These are all expensive and highly artificial.
However, combined, these two readings showed me something different. Science is full of human values, and it could not exist in another way. This is not exactly something bad, since sharing the truth would be a lot harder without honesty. In the other hand, when values are distorted - e.g. when evolutionists showed the scientifically proved superiority of white people above black people, or when scientists may have created scientific backgrounds for lunatics with eugenic theories -, values may produce bad influence over science.
Revisionist history isn’t extremely common, but it’s surely not rare. History is revised when scholars find inconsistencies or ... ... middle of paper ... .... The more time granted to us in the future allows historians and psychologists to engage in more scientific research and analysis to ensure that what we accept as accurate facts are kept as knowledge and facts that are proved false or inaccurate are discarded. There are dangers of manipulation when it comes to revisionist history, but with proper monitoring revisionist history ensures that our historical knowledge’s accuracy is maintained. We must use approach revising history with extreme caution and skepticism.
Even though fiber optics is very efficient and better technology others. But it also has some disadvantages as well. One of them is system reconfiguration. In order to update any work area with fiber optics can take a lot more money and time because every hardware and software has to update according to the needs of fiber optics. Sometimes it’s really fine to send high speed data out from serial coaction than parallel.
Another issue is that by the time researchers have completed a study using this method the parameters of the sample can change, nullifying research results. Stratified random sampling ensures that a study represents specific groups. However, this method is complex and requires great effort and diligence. Cluster sampling allows researchers to make random selections with a limited population. The drawback to this method is that the clusters must accurately represent the targeted population, and traits of the cluster may not align with needed population
Biometric and tokens  are used as an alternative to text based passwords. But it also has its own drawbacks such as it requires extra hardware for its implementation, so such methods are costly. As an alternative to all these methods, graphical passwords are used because psychological studies shows that human brain can recognize images better than the text.Graphical password uses images or representation of an image as a
Moreover, research showed that gain in intelligence depends on the amount of training: the more training, the more increase in Gf. Thus, according to some studies, it is possible to improve fluid intelligence. However, other scientists insist that it is extremely difficult for people to go beyond a certain level of their reasoning and to improve their intellectual functioning. This goes together with the idea of fluid intelligence as a characteristic with a strong inherited factor that is resistant to training. The aim of this paper is to provide a brief overview of studies that showed improvement of intelligence after some intervention.