The United Nations and Its Efforts to Maintaining Peace in the World

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UNITED NATIONS It is an organization formed on 24th October 1945 after World War II comprising of 51 independent states to promote international peace and security. Currently having 193 member states and 54 countries that are not in the United Nations. The Covenant of the League of Nations “In order to promote international cooperation and to achieve international peace and security by the acceptance of obligations not to resort to war, by the prescription of open, just and honorable relations between nations, by the firm establishment of the understandings of international law as the actual rule of conduct among Governments, and by the maintenance of justice and a scrupulous respect for all treaty obligations in the dealings of organized peoples with one another, Agree to this Covenant of the League of Nations." MEMBERSHIP Article 4, Chapter 2, United Nations Charter says that its membership is open for all countries in favor of peace and who will accept and oblige the UN charter. OBJECTIVES • Maintenance of peace all over the world. • Developing friendly relations between all nations. • Working together as a unified team to help people live their lives in a better way, to do as much as possible to eliminate poverty, diseases like AIDS etc and illiteracy all over the world, to stop environmental destruction and to promote and encourage people to respect each other's rights and freedoms. • To help nations to achieve these aims. PRINCIPLES • All Member States have sovereign equality. • All Member States will have to obey the Charter. • Countries will have to try to settle their differences by peacefully. • Countries will have to avoid using force or threatening to use force or threaten in any manner. • UN will not in... ... middle of paper ... ...he Executive where the executive enforces the law made by the legislation however the organization lacks this and hence has a weak execution of decisions. Issue of Disarmament There is a race among nations to acquire the most dangerous and deadly weapons in order to make strong military forces. One of the objectives of the United Nations is to work for disarmament but has failed due to cold war among the superpowers. CONCLUSION Every organization has some short comings but in my opinion it is one of the most effective world organizations in the history of time. Hope still lies with the United Nations in regard to maintain peace all over the world. The future of many third world countries lies in the hand of this particular organization. It is therefore the duty of all states to promote international peace and security and respect every nation and its rights.

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