My research explores political essay in the Spanish and Italian literatures of the second half of the nineteenth century. In particular, I analyze the perception of a “national/supranational conscience” to prove how European liberal thinkers in nineteenth century attempt to build and establish a supranational entity. As “supranational” I intend a shift in international politics - constituted by the agreement among sovereign states - to create common structures of power and identity (Neyer 2012). The main corpus of my research explores in detail the political and sociological relevance of the authors’ theoretical elaborations. I study Spanish authors such as the Krausist politician Joaquín Costa and the ambassadors Juan Donoso Cortés and Angel Ganivet.
491-495. ed. Alexander Bloom and Wini Breines. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. "Manifesto Redstocking's ." Takin' It To The Streets: A Sixties Reader, pp.
Print. Grendler, Paul F. et al. Encyclopedia of the Renaissance, Volume Two: Class Furio-Ceriol. New York, New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1999. Print.
Macmillan New York, NY 1994. Snyder, Susan. "Beyond the Comedy: Othello" Modern Critical Interpretations, Othello Ed. Harold Bloom, Pub. Chelsea House New Haven CT 1987.
Meri, J. W., & Bacharach, J. L. (2006). Geography. Medieval Islamic civilization: an encyclopedia (p. 284). New York: Routledge. Hudson, B.
We have gone over some of the similarities and differences of the three empires and also discussed the development of these empires and their social and political backgrounds. We have seen a glimpse of the great leaders that ruled these empires such as Mehmed the Conqueror, Shah Ismail and Shah Abbas for the Safavids, and Babur and Akbar for the Mughals. These empires created the boundary for Islamic institution through the 1500’s and beyond. They should be recognized as a stepping stone in the Islamic voyage which has definitely laid an impact on the society and societies before ours.
Although the Ottoman Empire existed before the 16th century and continued to exist past the 18th century and in great decline until the early 20th century, when looking at the state as a whole the time period of 1500’s through the 1700’s is a period of growth and strength. It is perhaps even known as a golden era for the state, when taking in to comparison the Early Modern Europeans where the same time period marks a change in how society thought and how people were treated. Prior to my research, there were two interesting articles that have struck my attention regarding the states and issues that are being discussed in this essay. The first article is A Survey of the Turkish Empire by Sir William Eton. In the article, Eton discusses his admiration of the glorious army that had once belonged to the Ottoman Empire.