The Self Dettermination Theory: Self-Detervation And Effective Leadership
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While there are many theories as to what makes an effective leader, The Self-Determination Theory shows us that allowing employees, the freedom to make decisions that directly impact the way they work gives them a sense of trust and self-worth. This confidence then allows them to work efficiently for their leaders who have helped give them this sense of enthusiasm in their jobs. There is a relationship between intrinsic motivation and effective leadership. Building confidence and self-esteem will turn isolated employees into passionate employees who are dedicated to their jobs, while turning them into leaders as well.
The impact of work design, autonomy support, and strategy on employee outcomes: A differentiated perspective on self-determination…show more content… “Intrinsic motivation is linked to the innate propensity of human beings to explore the environment, to shape their abilities, and to conquer optimal challenges” (Güntert, S., 2015, p. 75). A person with intrinsic motivation will work and perform for their personal feeling of satisfaction that comes along with accomplishing a task. The prospect of a reward for their work is not the motivation for this person’s accomplishments.
The counterpart of intrinsic motivation is extrinsic motivation, as they can complement each other well (Güntert, S., 2015). While intrinsic motivation is enough to get work done effectively, introducing extrinsic motivation in the way of rewards can also help to work effectively as well, if it can be self-regulated and not controlled (Güntert, S., 2015). The feeling of personal accomplishment must not be removed with rewards or evasion of punishment through extrinsic…show more content… “Relatedness affects individuals' motivation and behavior by way of positive influences on other self-processes relevant to achievement motivation” (Dawson, M., Martin, A., p.330). This shows a positive relationship between feeling connected to others and determination to accomplish goals. Similarly, a positive relationship between managers and their employees can help employees to develop self-determination that can ultimately lead them to complete their tasks.
Extrinsic motivation also plays a role whether the students feel self-determination to accomplish their goals or not. In an environment where the students are made to feel connected to their leaders and peers, extrinsic motivation such as good grades can serve as an extra incentive to reach their goals. In environments where students feel disconnected to those around them, extrinsic motivation can become stressful, and its role can change from supportive to