The Missouri general assembly is composed of the senate of 34 members, half of whom are elected every 2 years for 4-year terms, and the house of representatives, with 163 members, all of whom are elected every 2 years. The general assembly meets annually. The governor is elected for 4 years and may succeed himself once. The chief judicial officers are the 7 supreme court judges. The Missouri Plan for selecting judges, adopted in 1945, has become a nationwide model for the nonpartisan assignment of judges.
Seats are allotted to each state and the number of seats that state is allowed to have is based on its population. Every state is entitled to at least one seat no matter how small the population is. To qualify to be a member of the house you must be at least 25 years of age, a resident of the US for 7 years and a legal resident of the state you represent. (Usually live in the district they represent.) Terms of the house are for two years.
The Senate is made up of 100 senators, two from each state. Each senator is elected by the people and serve six-year terms. The Senate’s terms are staggered so about 1/3 of the Senate is up for reelection every two years. A senator must be at least 30 years old and have been a U.S. citizen for at least 9 years. The Vice President and the President of the United States have the power to cast a vote in the Senate in the case of a tie.
When a committee favors a measure, usually it seeks the opinion of executive agencies, conducts hearings to gather more information and will reconvene to discuss amendments and influences of representatives outside the Committee. When they reach an agreement, the proposal goes to the Chamber. Once the Senate and the House of representatives approved its version of the same proposal, the measure is aimed at president who can enact or veto it. The congress can revoke the veto with a two-thirds majority. By contrast, the Executive power the president propose bills to Congress, he enforces federal laws, he is Commander in Chief of the armed forces, and with the approval of the Senate, the president defines treaties and appoints federal judges, ambassadors and other members of the secretariats of the Executive branch (Department of Defense, Commerce, Justice, State, etc.).
To share in the division of seats, a party must win 5 percent of the second type of vote or have at least three directly elected lawmakers. However, if any one party wins more seats through the direct vote than it would be allotted under the distribution based on the party vote, the system allows that party to keep the extra seats. Once the votes have been counted, the President will propose a chancellor to Parliament. That candidate needs to secure a majority of all lawmakers in the lower house to take office. If lawmakers fail to give a majority to one candidate in three tries, the president could appoint a minority government or dissolve Parliament.
The bill is then sent to committee for review, committees will often send the bill to a subcommittee which will review the bill prior to sending it for committee review. The committee will decide whether or not to send the bill to the House or Senate floor. If the sponsor is a senator the bill will pass through the Senate and vice versa. The governing body in which the bill is sponsored will debate and vote on whether to make the bill a law. If passed the bill will be sent to the other Congressional body, House or Senate, for their review.
United States Election System: The United States Presidential Election system was first established by Article II of the United States Constitution. Presidential elections in the United States occur every four years, generally on the Tuesday between the 2nd and 8th day of November. The US Presidential election system relies on the Electoral College, an institution established to directly elect the President and Vice President during the presidential elections. The method of choosing the Electoral College is delineated in Article II, Section I, Clauses II and III of the Constitution. As Clause II states, the total number of representatives and senators from each state is equal to the number of electors each state may instate in the electoral college, however “no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States shall be appointed an elector” (Article II, Section , Clause II).
In Article 1, Section 3 of the United States Constitution it states that “ The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote”. This is where 100 of the 538 electoral votes stem from. Article 1, Section 2 of the United States Constitution also states that “The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each state shall have at Least one Representative”. The amount of votes by the House of Representatives is based off the population of the state itself. Also according to the 23rd Amendment of the United States Constitution the District of Columbia will receive three representatives.
Each branch serves a different purpose from one another in governing the U.S, but all of them work together to manage its country. The legislative branch is made up of Congress and other departments that contribute services to Congress. There are two parts of Congress, Senate and House of Representatives. There are 100 senators, two for each state, and 435 representatives based on each state's population. Both senators and representatives are elected by the voters in their state, then serves a six-year term and two-year term respectively.
The Legislative Branch has many checks over the Executive Branch, including the capability to overrule presidential vetoes with a two-thirds vote. They also have the authority to actually supply any executive action. The Legislative Branch is given the control to form the laws. The impeachment of a president or judge can also happen through the Legislative Branch. The Senate approves treaties and any presidential or judge appointments.