Congress and The Presidency Congress as a whole makes laws. When Bills are addressed they must meet the approval of both the House and the Senate in order to become a Law, and then the President can always veto it. Congress also deals with matters of public concern be it something that needs to be investigated or something that needs to be put before the public to raise awareness. Congress is made up of two parts: The Senate and the House of Representatives. Each is granted different powers and responsibilities.
Instead, Congress often delegates to federal entities authority to craft rules and regulations needed to carry out the mandates of laws. In order to maintain oversight over the entities that Congress grants authority to, Congress has established a requirement to publish a notice in the Federal Register detailing their proposed rules. Interested parties are then allowed a time period to express their concerns over said methods. Although it is not specifically mentioned in the constitution, through all of these rights, Congress holds an inherent oversight role over the bureaucracy. The role flows from Congress’ power to make laws, raise and appropriate funds, give advice and consent to executive nominations, and impeach federal officials.
As a result the US constitution contains a system of separation of powers, designed, at least in theory, to ensure democracy through equally powerful branches of government. The term 'gridlock' refers to a situation where legislative decisions are effectively halted because there is so much contention and too many interests to satisfy. The separation of powers creates a situation were gridlock is becoming increasingly common. The Congress is a bi-cameral legislature consisting of the House of Representatives (435 members) and the Senate (100 members). Congress has profited from a division of labour through the creation of Congressional Committees.
The legislative branch refers to Congress who has the power to create and develop laws for citizens of the United States. After Congress develops the law, the executive branch is responsible for enforcing the law. It makes sure everyone is going to follow and obey the laws. This principle is the same in a budget process. There are distinct differences between the legislative and executive branch because they have their own perspectives on things, but they resolve these differences together.
As in the U.S. government, these committees are quite powerful because of their ability to delay legislation. A party political is an organization which aim is to gain control of the government usually through the election of its candidates to public office. Political parties take many forms, but their main functions are similar: to supply personnel for government positions; to organize these personnel around the formation; and to serve in a mediating role between individuals and their government. Political parties are as old as organized political systems. Political parties have been organized for various reasons: to support a particular political figure, to advance a particular policy or a general ideological stand, to aid politically certain groups or sections of society, or merely to combine for short-term political advantage.
Select committees, on the other hand, focus on a specific issue, and are usually only ... ... middle of paper ... ...n the committee level. To summarize, the congressional committee system is a double-edged sword. It ensures that appropriate attention is given to each bill, but it can be easily corrupted by partisan influence. Surely, though, the advantages far outweigh the consequences. Committees are an integral part of the law-making process.
This branch is referred to as Congress and is split into two sections, one is the House of Representatives and the other the Senate. Together these two sections have powers that are directly listed in ... ... middle of paper ... ...09). Congress is supposed to enact laws, and the ability of judges to modify them with court decisions shows how their power may extend past what the system of checks and balances had intended. The last aspect that shows how powerful this branch may be is the judges. Originally, the lifetime appointment was supposed to relieve them of pressures when deciding cases, but this serves as a double edged sword.
The reasons why change in a legal policy should be concentrated in the legislative bodies are; to get representation and to be alongside the frame that holds controlling power of most of America. Although this is the main concentrated entity when negotiating for a legal policy to be changed, it has many strengths in focusing their and it also has its weakness that can drag a movement down to stabilization. When a group or an individual try’s to change a legal policy with limited resources, it is imperative to concentrate efforts in the legislative bodies to get representation and be with the controlling power in America. It doesn’t matter how little or how plentiful of resources a movement has, if the movement gains access to high representation within legislative bodies it will capture everything it needs for success. Having the representation of the legislative bodies allows for intervention of state governments to be combated with the federal power.
The Supreme Court can also declare the acts of Congress undemocratic, but new legislation can overturn Court decisions. The Judicial branch interprets laws and is the court system of the local, state and federal gover... ... middle of paper ... ... branch; and the judicial branch is the one who is responsible for interpreting the laws that are passed by the president and the legislative branch but are then enforced by the executive branch. The powers between the legislative, executive and judicial branches are pretty clear to me. The legislative branch makes the laws, executive enforces the laws, and the judicial interoperates the laws, it seems this system works out pretty well. Because the president is head of the military armed forces he is able to send troops to other country without declaring war, but he must inform the legislative body of his actions within 48 hours.
After being introduced, a bill is sent to the suitable committee to be reviewed. A committee’s and subcommittee’s numbers and forms are modified with each new Congress as required for the effective consideration... ... middle of paper ... ...e are other people’s opinions that we rely upon and trust. Since interest groups and lobbyists contribute to campaigns, people are more likely to listen to their campaign donors rather than to others. In sum, a bill has to climb a lot of steps to get to the Capitol building in Washington. Bills are mostly introduced as a favor to a group or a constituent.