The Role and Responsibility of Company Leadership in Shaping Organizational Culture

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According to (Organic Workspaces, n. d) an organization’s culture refers to the observable, powerful forces in any organization, usually constituted by the employees’ shared values, beliefs, symbols, and behaviors. The organizational culture ideally influences its decisions and actions (Tharp, n. d). (Watkins, 2013) also defines organizational culture as a consistent and observable pattern of behavior in organizations. An organization’s culture channelizes individual decisions and actions at a subconscious level, and thus, can have a potent effect on an organization’s success. Organizational cultures facilitate the existence of a common ground for all stakeholders, particularly the employees and managers in addressing various issues within an organization. It reduces uncertainty thus providing a sense of direction and vision for the organization. Organization’s cultures can be observable in its people, processes and products as well as leadership’s embraced values in shaping its operations.

The (Harvard Business Review, 2013) states that an essential intent of an organization’s culture is to help orientate its employees to realism in a manner that provides a basis for alignment of purpose and shared action. Individual organizations formulate their own culture partially grounded on the values its top leadership exhibits within the organization.

Enron’s sense of business ethics and operations in the context of its culture

According to (Gruble, 2011), business ethics refers to a set of organizational values and codes of principles, by which it evaluates its actions and business-related decisions. It can be regarded as the proclivity to differentiate right from wrong, and the rebounding urge to opt to do what’s right in terms of ac...

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...ron’s Downfall. Corporate Governance, 9(2)

Meisinger, S. R., (2012). Examining Organizational Ethics. Human Resource Executive Online. [online] available at, accessed March 10, 2014.

Tharp, B. M. (n. d). Defining “Culture” and “Organizational Culture”: From Anthropology to the Office. [Online] available at Culture-and-Organizationa-Culture_5.pdf accessed March 10, 2014.

Organic Workspaces, (n. d). The One Page [online] available at <> accessed March 11, 2014

Watkins, M. (2013). What Is Organizational Culture? And Why Should We Care? HBR Blog Network, Harvard Business Review. [online] available at
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