T... ... middle of paper ... ... with the tribunes and the disaffected assembly against the Senate and patricians. The Senate feared Caesar and his popularity with the masses. The three men Pompey, Crassus and Caesar set aside their differences and establishing the First Triumvirate. This was overwhelming power in the Roman Republic but was strictly unofficial influence. The role of powerful general’s play in the decline of the Republic by Rome’s failures to adapt it city or state styles of government to ruling an empire triggered a century long pattern of events that would eventually lead to fall of the old oligarchy led by the Senate.
The Political Decay of the Roman Republic The fall of the Western Roman Empire was the first example in history on the collapse of a constitutional system which was caused by the internal decay in political, military, economics, and sociological issues. The government was becoming corrupt with bribery. Commanders of the Roman army turned their own army inward towards their own Constitutional systems, fueled by their own ruthless ambition. This paper will talk about how the violence and internal turmoil in 133B.C.-27 B.C. was what provoked the economic stagnation in the city of Rome and to the end of the Republic and the many corrupt politicians and generals who only thought of nothing more than personal gains and glory.
The reason why Julius was killed was because Julius Caesar was for not doing his actions in secrecy and deceit. After the assassination of Julius Caesar, there were civil wars occurring and there was a period of unrest. Mark Antony, Lepidus, and Octavius then ruled Rome. In 27BC, Octavius changed his name to Augustus Caesar. This period was when Augustus won the battle for rule of Rome, so now the triumvirate was gone.
Gaius Julius Caesar ( 100 BCE – 44 BCE) contributed to the breakdown of the roman republic through his political military by decreasing senate power, dismissing Rome’s aversion to monarchy, and his attempt to remove senate, military and religious authority, as well as his civil war; in which he overthrew the government and walked on the Rubicon river. The Roman Republic’s degeneration is Europe’s first case of the downfall of a constitutional system. The previous consuls and dictators of Rome during the republic also influenced the republics destruction however, these actions collaboratively impacted towards the end of the republic by Caesars anti-republic like methods and leadership role. During the Republic, the people of Rome had a major disinclination towards any sort of Royalty, which is why when Caesar attempted to lead undemocratically indefinitely, he disrupted one of the core stances that romans shared communally. Caesar over indulged in power when he retitled himself as ‘dictator in perpetuo’.
T... ... middle of paper ... ...r he also built the Pantheon, Antoninus Pius Promoted are and science, and finally Marcus Aurelius the last emperor of the Pax Romana Economic and legal reforms. The bad emperors included Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero. They are all known as the bad emperors because there all murderers, rapist and evil people. The last emperor was Diocletian who divided the empire into West and East, the western empire spoke Latin and the eastern Greek. There were many contributing factors to the fall of Rome including high inflation, high military costs, break down in military discipline, moral decay and people lost faith in the Roman government, and Barbarian invasion.
In the years leading up to Augustus’ rule, Rome had fallen into a state of chaos. Civil war and corrupt leadership had driven the state into turmoil. While Augustus was seen by some as a tyrant who took many of the freedoms that Roman citizens enjoyed, these sacrifices were necessary to secure the safety and endurance of Rome herself. Despite the fact that Roman citizens lost some of their rights, many enjoyed new freedoms. The Gracchi brothers are an example of how the political structure within the republic of Rome had become corrupt and dangerous.
Prior to the permanent change to an empire, the Roman government was a republic. Legends say that this republic was founded in 509 B.C.E after a group led by Lucius Junius Brutus overthrew Tarquinius Superbus, the last king of Rome. This new system of Roman government comprised of three sections: the senate, the legislative assemblies, and the executive magistrates. The senate had the responsibilities of voting for pieces of legislation, controlling the treasury, and advising the magistrates. The legislative assemblies were composed of the citizens of the republic, but there were specific groups of people controlling certain asse... ... middle of paper ... ...ate and actually pitted Caesar against Pompey, who became the sole consul of the Roman republic since the government feared Caesar’s power after he was able to defeat many Gallic tribes in his conquest of Gaul.
Marius was seven times consul , and the last year he held office, just before his death in 86 BC, he exacted a terrifying toll on the optimates. At the same time he saw to it that Caesar was appointed flamen dialis, one of an archaic priesthood with no power. This identified him with his uncle's extremist politics, and his marriage in 84 BC to Cornelia, the daughter of Marius's associate, Cinna, further confirmed him as a radical. When Lucius Cornelius Sulla, Marius's enemy and leader of the optimates, was made dictator in 82 BC, he issued a list of enemies to be executed. Although Caesar was not harmed, he was ordered by Sulla to divorce Cornelia.
The year 509 BC Rome finally became a Republic and thus started the Roman empire. As Rome rose to power they went through many wars and many conflicts between the plebeians and patricians. The republic was made out of 3 groups, the consuls which were 2 men elected from the senate, the senate which was made of 300 patricians, and the assembly made from plebeians. Many years later Rome started to reject the republic when it went into a series of civil wars. 3 men form the first triumvirate, Julius Caesar, Pompeii, and Crassus.
The role of appointing one’s self as dictator can be dated all the way back to Julius Caesar. The Roman senate granted excluded powers to Octavian, who then adopted the title Augustus in 27 BC. This was the crucial event that ended the republic. Two consuls were elected by the citizens and the senate which consisted of appointed officials. The roles of Roman society was formed based off of the struggles between the aristocracy and the plebeians, which are the majority of the general public.