The Problem of Evil

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The Problem of Evil A) For what reasons may suffering create philosophical problems for a religious believer? (10) B) Outline two solutions to these problems and comment on their success (10) A) The problem of suffering has been around since the dawn of time, or as religious philosophers believe; since Adam and Eve first sinned in the Garden of Eden. The first problem that arises from evil is that we believe that the God of classical theism has certain attributes. These are that: · God is all powerful (Omnipotence) · God is all loving (Omnibenevolence) · God is all knowing (Omniscience) · God creates ex-nilho (out of nothing) · God is infinite The last point is not as important in this discussion; the others are the main points in the arguments for and against evil in the world. I will attempt to get an argument for each of the points above. First off, the attribute of God being all loving causes a problem because it is said that if God is all loving then he should surely want to end all of the suffering that occurs in the world, just as an all loving God would surely not have wanted such evil things to happen to his only son Jesus. Another problem that arises from these points above is that if God is all knowing, then surely he has the knowledge to be able to stop the suffering in the world, he would be able to come up with a solution to these problems. Again, another problem that arises is that if God is all-powerful, then he again should posses the power to be able to stop evil and suffering from occurring. If God created the world in the first place and you would have thought that he would hav... ... middle of paper ... ...God? If all humans are going to heaven like it is said in this argument, then why does God enable humans to suffer? If God were omnipotent, we would have the virtues without having to suffer. There is also no explanation of extreme suffering that occurs to the human race, for example the holocaust. The Theodicy does take into account the theory of evolution, however this is an inadequate response to the problem of evil. This Theodicy again is fairly successful in explaining the problem of evil because it does take into account evolution, and also the survival of the fittest, however, this response is inadequate for the problem of evil because it does not really take into account extreme suffering that has occurred and also some natural disasters that have occurred over the years that were not necessarily foreseeable.

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