The Policies Of The Palestine Liberation Organisation

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The Policies Of The Palestine Liberation Organisation

Before 1964, most Palestinians hoped that Arab states nearby would

destroy the state of Israel. Inspired by Nasser in Egypt, they

expected him to lead an Arab army in a campaign to successfully

destroy Israeli power. However, time passed, and little progress was

made, leading to many Palestinians becoming disillusioned with the

help they received from the Arab states that they were relying on.

Instead, they began to set up their own organisations, to defend

Palestinian rights, and to fight against the state of Israel. One of

the first of these was called ‘Fatah’. Set up in 1959 by Palestinian

exiles in Kuwait, its leader was a young Yasser Arafat, an engineer at

the time. Fatah developed into an active fighting force in the


In 1964, the Arab governments set up the PLO, an organisation to

represent the Palestinian people. It was controlled by Arab states,

Nasser in Egypt in particular. Yet defeat in the 6-day war in 1967 saw

change, with Israel gaining a lot of land, such as Golan Heights, and

so it was a great turning point for the Palestinians. After this

defeat it became much more important.

These events led to the Palestinians rethinking their relationships

with the wider Arab world. Fatah fighters alone resisted an attack at

Karama in Jordan by Israelis, encouraging more recruits, and the Fatah

soon became dominant in the PLO. The PLO was no longer an

organisation for Arab states, it was a voice for Palestinians


The main, and most important policy of the PLO, in 1964, was its

straightforward attitude to Israel – it had no right to e...

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...ideas of the UN, and that the agreement to accepting

resolution 242 was very muddled. And despite agreeing to accept

Israel as a state, arguments continued, and many still continued to

reject Israel. Maybe this agreement was the first steps by Arafat to

destroying Israel as many Israelis suggested.

Therefore it is clear that there is both continuity, and change in the

policies of the PLO. Change is evident between 1964 and 1988, with a

revision of them in 1968 when the PLO became the voice for all

Palestinians, but by 1993, the changes of 1988, and agreeing to the UN

and US terms, seem to be overlooked by the PLO in some cases,

suggesting that the PLO was still on course to try and destroy Israel,

and the policies were very much the same as they were back in 1964,

when they were first laid out by the organisation.
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