Syrian intervention was the saver for Lebanon from the war. Lebanese civil war was bloody war and complex conflict, which lasted for more than 16 years and 7 months in Lebanon (April 13, 1975 - Oct 13 1990). Additionally, the roots of the conflicts, comes from the political compromises in the French mandate time over Lebanon and Syria. It returned to appear because of population (demographic) change in Lebanon and the Islamic- Christian religious conflict, as well as rapprochement between Syria and Israel. There was brief stop to fighting in 1976 for the Arab summit and then returned to complete the civil conflict .
Since the United Nations partition of PALESTINE in 1947 and the establishment of the modern state of ISRAEL in 1948, there have been four major Arab-Israeli wars (1947-49, 1956, 1967, and 1973) and numerous intermittent battles. Although Egypt and Israel signed a peace treaty in 1979, hostility between Israel and the rest of its Arab neighbors, complicated by the demands of Palestinian Arabs, continued into the 1980s. THE FIRST PALESTINE WAR (1947-49) The first war began as a civil conflict between Palestinian Jews and Arabs following the United Nations recommendation of Nov. 29, 1947, to partition Palestine, then still under British mandate, into an Arab state and a Jewish state. Fighting quickly spread as Arab guerrillas attacked Jewish settlements and communication links to prevent implementation of the UN plan. Jewish forces prevented seizure of most settlements, but Arab guerrillas, supported by the Transjordanian Arab Legion under the command of British officers, besieged Jerusalem.
Ten years after its founding, the PLO was raised to the status of government. And in 1988, the PLO's status was to be raised again, this time to a state in exile. After several negotiations, Arafat became a Terrorist leader and administrator of self-rule in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. In the 1967 Six Day War, the Arab armies did very badly against Israel, losing 67,000 square kilometres of land. Palestinians came to believe that if they were ever to have their land, they would have to do it themselves.
Israel wasn't aloud to use the Suez Canal which belonged to Egypt. The next war was the Six Day War which ended the ten years of peace between the countries. The Six Day War started June 5th 1967,when Israel bombed Egyptian, Jordanian, Syrian and Iraqi airfields destroying more than four hundred airplanes. By June 8th Israel had stoped fighting with Egypt, Jordan and Iraq and started Fighting with the Syrians. Syria had shelled northern Israel, but Israel captured the Golan Heights from Syria and the West Bank From Jordan.
After independence (1962-1999) The Evian Accords which were signed in 1962 giving Algeria immediate independence and French aid to help reconstruct the country. The French Sahara with its oil resources was also handed over to Algeria. In return the FLN guaranteed protection and civil rights for the French Algerians choosing to remain in the country, and the option of choosing either French or Algerian nationality after three years. Eight years of war had shattered Algeria. There had been more than one million Algerian casualties and nearly two million Algerians had lost their homes.
In 1867, during the six-day war of Syria, Jordan and Egypt, Israel captured the West Bank, Sinai and the Gaza strip. Subsequently, a population of over a million Palestinian Arabs, together with their land was now under Israeli control. (Spencer, p.70) It was during this time that a Palestinian leader emerged, Yasser Arafat. Labeled a terrorist by Israel and the United States, he and his Palestine Liberation Organization called for the eviction of Israel from the occupied territories by force of arms. In 1979, Israel returned Sinai to Egypt by a peace treaty.
Born in Jerusalem and educated in an agricultural school, Rabin fought with Palmach, a Jewish commando unit, against British authorities in Palestine. Jailed by the British in mid- 1946, he was released in early 1947 and helped lead the defense of Jerusalem in the War of Independence (1947-1949). Rabin then rose through the ranks of the Israel Defense Forces, becoming chief of staff in 1964. After the Six-Day War (1967) he retired from the military and served as ambassador to the United States from 1968 to 1973. He entered the Knesset (parliament) as a Labor member in January 1974; by May he had succeeded Golda Meir as prime minister and party
On July 1, 1960, British Somaliland joined the rest of the region under the UN control and officially formed The Republic Somalia. - In 1969 During a long war with Ethiopia for a territorial dispute (1964 -1977) general Siad Barre took control of Somalia and established a socialist dictatorship with the support of the Soviet Union. - In 1979 the Somali population started a big opposition to Siad Barre’s regime. The country was separated in supporters and opponents of the regime, which lead to a tremendous civil war. - In 1992 after the death of Siad Barre, the US with the permission of the UN Security Council started the Restore Hope Operation to stabilize the country.
This is a picture of Moshe’s Birthplace. He was once arrested by the British, (when the Haganah was declared illegal), but released after two years when the British cooperated with them during World War II. While he was serving on the Australian 7th Infantry Division, Dayan lost his left eye and began wearing the eyepatch that became his trademark, and later Dayan received the “Distinguished Service Order”, one of the highest military honors. During the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, Dayan occupied various positions of importance, first as the commander of many military units on the central front. Later he was he became the prime minister’s protégé, together with Shimon Peres (the future Prime Minister).
However, after another Jewish revolt in 133 A.D., Jerusalem was completely destroyed and its occupants, the Jews, banished and/or sold into slavery. Then, in 638 A.D., the Arabs came onto the scene in a major way with their conquest of the area. By early in the 8th century, the second Caliph of Islam, Omar, had built the Al-Asqa Mosque on the site in Jerusalem, or Al-Qods as the Arabs called the city, where they believe the prophet Mohammad ascended into Heaven. Except for the period of the Crusades, the area remained under Muslim rule under the Ottoman Empire until the United Nation’s mandate which gave the land over to the Jews to establish Israel. Zionism is the international movement to establish a Jewish state in the land where Israel once stood.