23 Apr. 2014. . "Zionism: A Definition of Zionism." Jewish Virtual Library . American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise, n.d.
Prior the late nineteenth century relations between Israelis and Palestinians were mostly good, with the exception of smaller scuffles. Conflict initially arose as Palestine began to develop an overarching political identity, while at the same time Political Zionist were pushing to create an independent state in Palestine. Since the seventh century Palestine had been under the control of several empires. As a result, they lacked strong local leadership. However, the modernist movements and protonational movements during the late nineteenth century eventually inspired Palestinians to do the same.
After the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, the control of Palestine shifted from Muslim to Western powers. Britain promised Jews and Zionists the land in Palestine in the form of the Balfour Declaration. However, at the same time, there were already Palestinians living in that land. Even today, there is no correct answer as to who should have rightfully acquired the land; however, the Palestinian Arabs should have cooperated when the Jews immigrated to the Palestine. There are plenty of facts which support both sides.