The Origins of Political Order by Francis Fukuyama

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What historical artifacts did Napoleon survey and collect while in Egypt? Napoleon, the leader of the French army, was accompanied by a group of scholars in 1978 and surveyed Egypt’s antiquities, natural history and general customs. They collected specimen that included antiquities (Fukuyuma 37). The one that was most notable was the stone inscribed with texts with the use of three bands, discovered at Rosetta in 1979. 2. What was the intent of the Quadruple Alliance and what countries were involved? Fukuyuma found out that Quadruple Alliance was formed in 1813 by the United Kingdom, Austria, Russia and Prussia (124). Its main purpose was defeating Napoleon. In 1815, it was renewed to prevent the French aggression from reoccurring to ensure that the peace agreement of the Congress of Vienna was fulfilled. 3. Define 19th century nationalism Nationalism is the love to one's country. It is the willingness to sacrifice for the sake of one's country or even ethnic group. It is one’s believe that their country’s interest and culture are superior to those of other countries. Fukuyuma states this can lead to dictatorship or totalitarian government (88). 4. Define 19th century liberalism Liberalism can be defined as a political philosophy founded on the ideas of equality and liberalism. The liberals espouse a diverse range of views that usually depends on how they understand these principles. The people generally support ideas like free trade, freedom of press and fair elections (Fukuyuma 327). 5. Explain the laissez-faire economic policies Laissez-faire is French for “let it be.” It is a doctrine that emphasizes non-interference. In most cases, it refers to an approach by government to have a limited control on the eco... ... middle of paper ... ...uchies. Fukuyuma says this in turn led to the uproar from the nationalist of Germany demanding that the two duchies be incorporated into German confederation. This, as a result, led to a brief war in 1848 to gain control of the two duchies. The two German powers were constantly clashing over the manner the duchies were supposed to be administered. Between 1866 and 1870, the relationship between Prussia and France worsened. France decided to go to war with Prussia in 1870 because of the way they had been frustrated regarding the issue of candidacy that was for the vacant throne available in Spain (Fukuyuma 602). Prussians emerged victorious, both decisive and swift. In 1871, the second German Reich emerged at the same time. Works Cited Fukuyama, Francis. The Origins of Political Order: From Prehuman Times to the French Revolution. Profile books, 2011.

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