Although neither outlook is perfect, it can be said that one has more positives than the other. Before we can come to a conclusion as to which attitude is better, we must understand which has more negatives. “Political discourse is rife with accusations of closed-mindedness, prejudice, and unfair treatment from both liberals and conservatives. However, social psychologists have repeatedly demonstrated that conservatives, compared to liberals, are more likely to discriminate against out-groups (Wetherell, Brandt, Reyna).” The success of a state can only be valid if all communities are thriving- conservatism has its benefits for the economy in certain aspects, but as a whole, it does not cater to the needs of our diversified society. “Conservative values of traditionalism may augment motives to discriminate, while liberal values of equality and tolerance and the conservative value of hard work may attenuate discrimination (Wetherell, Brandt, Reyna 8).” Liberalism is not perfect but it can bee seen as the lesser of the two evils; the discrimination done by liberals can be viewed as discrimination against those who oppose progressiveness. “Conversely, liberals espouse values running counter to discrimination, such as egalitarianism (the desire to promote the welfare of others, and universalism (the value of peace and tolerance) (Wetherell, Brandt, Reyna
Conservatism is the domination of society by an aristocracy. Conservatism is incompatible with democracy and civilization in general. “It is a destructive system of inequality and prejudice
Furthermore, Kant’s views offer a method on how people should behave, and shows some differences in moral relationships. Kant believed that there should be “maxims,” to help make moral law universal. Also, Kant believed that universal laws were put into use by humans through reason, and not by God. Locke believed that universal laws were created by God. People need to be able to understand the internal freedom versus external freedom in order to understand the relationship between politics and morality. Kant believed that people’s rights should be respected, so Kant’s political theory could be labeled as right based. Michael Oakeshott thought of the political community, as an enterprise and civil association. Economic and social liberalism are not conservative. In the ship metaphor, the conservative would believe that something would need to be done to prevent people from drowning; however, the ship could not be deconstructed in the ocean. Conservatives fear any type of radical experiment. Also, conservatives do believe that there is a limited amount of capacity of what humans can take in about society. Conservatives support the free market system, along with that the distribution of goods is in control of
One of the most fundamental concerns throughout mankind have been the subject of a fully free emancipated humankind. Throughout history, philosophers have been in constant discussion in figuring out a way to respect human rights, while at the same time, preserve a well-ordered society. One of the schools of thought that demonstrate this type of society is liberalism. Liberalism is defined as “a political or social philosophy advocating the freedom of the individual, parliamentary systems of government, nonviolent modification of political, social, or economic institutions to assure unrestricted development in all spheres of human endeavor, and governmental guarantees of individual rights and civil liberties” (Dictionary, 2017). Although most
According to Kelly (2005: 5) on Albaster “liberalism should not be seen as a fixed and absolute term, as a collection of unchanging moral and political values but as a specific historical movement of ideas in the modern era”. According to Balaam and Dillman (2011: 53) “liberalism in broader term means liberty under law”. However according to the (internet: 2014) liberalism is a “political or social philosophy advocating freedom of the individual, parliamentary systems of government, nonviolent modification of political, social, or economic institution to assure unrestricted developmental guarantees of individual rights and civil liberties”. This entails how liberals believe in the entrenchment of power on s...
In conclusion, legal liberalism is a legal and political theory that politics should be controlled by constitutional limits.
Liberals did not advocate for true democracy because they feared, like the founding fathers of the United States, mob rule and irrational decision making. Liberals looked to the revolutions of the United States and of France to see what type of government and policy decisions they would like to see get done. Liberals believed in human charity and in mankind in general in that they believed the government did not need to be involved in many affairs because humans and generally charitable and good people who don’t need “supervision” from the government. Liberalism also embraced laissez-faire capitalism and the works of revolutionary and genius men such as Adam Smith. They believed that free markets were the only way men of any status could achieve wealth and success and government interference in these markets only took away the wealth and success of everyone and limited it to a select few. Liberalism differed from other political ideologies of the time, such as socialism, because they believed competition and unequal distribution of wealth were healthy for an economy to thrive whereas socialism believed in the exact opposite. Classical Liberalism played a pivotal role in the development of Europe in the nineteenth century and since many other political ideologies
The term “liberal” was to be open and with a mindset of freedom and limited government. Liberalism first became a distinct political movement during the Age of Enlightenment. In 1939, liberalism had focus on the general welfare and equality in the workplace and society. In the early 1900s, they didn’t treat women equally, they wanted men to be involved rather than women. Liberals believe no government may be individuals to pursuit of their own
Liberalism as a political and moral philosophy, which is focused on two major principles. They are individualism and liberty. Firstly, liberalism set the individuals at the core of society. They believe that the greatest value of social order is built around the individual. Secondly, the main purpose of society is to allow individuals to achieve their goals and reach full potential if they want to. Therefore, in this modern century, majority of people prefer their states to execute in liberal way, especially in economic aspect.
Liberalism can be defined as a political philosophy founded on the ideas of equality and liberalism. The liberals espouse a diverse range of views that usually depends on how they understand these principles. The people generally support ideas like free trade, freedom of press and fair elections (Fukuyuma 327).