In Italian Fascism: Its Origins and Development, Alexander De Grand clarifies the many promises Benito Mussolini fabricated for the Italian people in order to get them to join his cause such as the improvement on poverty with the rise of a new Roman Empire. De Grand also gives an opposite view, with some citizens seeing Fascism as a “model of efficiency.” In Melton S. Davis’ Who Defends Rome?, t... ... middle of paper ... ...efection from the Axis in 1943. London: Oxford University Press, 1971. Secondary Sounces: Albrecht-Carrie, Rene. "The Four Power Pact, 1933 by Konrad Hugo Jarausch."
Benito Mussolini, the late dictator of Italy, was nicknamed IL Duce which translates to “the leader”. During Mussolini’s reign as dictator over Italy, he aimed to return the country to its former glory. Benito Mussolini’s doctrine of Fascism influenced his economic and political decisions concerning Italy in various ways. Mussolini was born on July 29, 1883 in Predappio, Italy. His full name was Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini.
New York: Macdonald and Co, 1972. Feuchtwanger, E. J. From Weimar to Hitler: Germany, 1918-33. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1993. Harmer, H. J. P. Friedrich Ebert: Germany.
2. proletarians and communists, ... ... middle of paper ... ...ics and Revolution New York: Western Publishing Company, Inc., 1968 Secondary Encarta Ecyclopedia '95 CD-Rom Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia CD-Rom Encyclopedia Britanica Bibliography: Bibliography Primary 1. Freedman, Robert The Marxist System New Jersey: Chatham House Publishers Inc., 1990 2. Hunley, J. D. The Life And Thought of Freidrich Engels New Haven: Yale University press, 1991 3. Marx, Karl Engels, Friedrich The Communist Manifesto New York: Viking Penguin Inc., 1987 4. Gurley, John G. Challengers of Capitalism: Marx, Lenin, Stalin, and Mao New York: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc., 1988 5.
Blamires, Cyprian, World Fascism: A Historical Encyclopedia, Volume 1 (Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, Inc, 2006) p. 147. Grigsby, Ellen. Cengage Advantage Books: Analyzing Politics. Cengage Learning, 2011. Lyons, Matthew N. "What Is Fascism?
Who in Italy Gained from Fascism The word Fascism comes from fasces, the bundle of elm or birch rods from which an ax projected that was carried before Roman magistrates. These fasces indicated the magistrates power to decapitate. Fascism is actually defined as " a political philosophy, movement, or regime that exalts nation, and often race, and stands for a centralized autocratic, often militaristic government" (Webster's). March 23, 1919 marked the ascension of the Fascist party in Italy. For many, young Benito Mussolini was a symbol of law and order in a time of political and social turmoil.
Nazism 1919-1945 Volume 1: The Rise to Power 1919-1934. U.K, Exeter. 1998. Shirer, William. The Rise And Fall of the Third Reich.