With all the rejection in an overweight child's life, he or she may feel as though he doe... ... middle of paper ... ...an be detrimental to their adulthood development. The emotional toll of having childhood obesity is damaging to a child's life. Unfortunately, obesity, while being among the easiest medical conditions to recognize, is one of the most difficult to treat ("Childhood Obesity: The Effects on Physical and Mental Health | AboutOurKids.org"). The effects of childhood obesity have a long-term impact on an individual’s life in childhood, teenage years and they can even continue into adulthood ("Childhood Obesity: Emotional Effects And Sedentary Lifestyles | Mollen Foundation Preventing Childhood Obesity"). There are many ways to prevent a child from becoming obese, like healthy eating and physical activity ("Childhood Obesity - DASH/HealthyYouth").
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) now defines normal weight, overweight, and obesity according to BMI rather than the traditional height/weight charts. With these in mind, childhood obesity in North America is caused by poor quality of diet, lack of adequate exercise, and low socioeconomic levels. First, one of the main reasons for childhood obesity in North America is unhealthy diet. Consumption of a lot fast food is one of the causes ... ... middle of paper ... ...esults from unsafe neighborhoods. For these reasons, socioeconomic levels are associated with childhood obesity in North America.
The people choice of what to eat is a result of the excessive fat accumulation in their body that exposes them to obesity related diseases. Society makes it easy to gain weight in many different ways. Most kids and adolescents usually feel irresponsible for their own life so they make bad choice of the food they eat. The big problem for young people, which is also the same thing for the adult, is lack of self-control. Nobody is happy to be obese but the way of controlling and caring about life are different among people.
For example, children from this type of living lack the finances to shop for healthier more expensive foods. Socioeconomic status is defined by ones education, income, occupation, and is also known to include the social standing of a group or individual (Education and Socioeconomic Status 1). This could lead many people in this status to take up unhealthy eating habits. Children that live in a low socioeconomic lifestyle become the victims of this unhealthy eating and the obesity epidemic that has hit the United States is a result of that. In addition, children that eat too many calories pick up excess weight because of the lack of energy being burned through physical activity (Bales, Coleman, Wallinga 1).
Obesity is the most distinct medical condition but the most difficult condition to treat. Obesity is the result of calorie imbalance. Obesity is commonly caused by overeating and lack of exercise although there are genetic diseases and hormonal disorders that can cause obesity. When children eat more than they need, the extra calories are stored in fat cells to use for energy later. If this pattern continues over time, they develop more fat cells and may develop obesity.
Introduction Childhood obesity is increasingly becoming a major problem of Public Health in developing countries, particularly in Canada and the United States. Lack of physical activity, poor nutritional choices, easily accessible fast foods and the built environment are all seen as factors that contribute greatly to childhood obesity. Individuals who are obese have increased risk of developing high blood pressure, impaired glucose function and may sometimes fall victims to physical and psychological abuse (Ludwig, Peterson & Gortmaker, 2001). In Canada, the prevalence rate of obesity has risen predominantly among children and adolescents (Roberts, Shields, De Groh, Aziz & Gilbert, 2012). An estimated 19.8% within the age groups of 5 to 17 years were classified as obese or overweight in a recent Canadian health measure survey (Roberts, Shields, De Groh, Aziz & Gilbert, 2012).
Today in the United States, more than seventeen percent of all children are obese (Marcus). Obesity in children is an epidemic that has been rising for the past decade. In 1999 and 2000, according to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “an estimated fifteen percent of American children were overweight, more than three times the amount there were in 1990” (D, Andrew). Many factors play a pivotal role in the rise of obesity, such as environment, lifestyle, and genetics. So many children are obese today because of over consumption of calories and reduced physical activity.
There is an alarming rise in childhood obesity throughout the United States, making it an epidemic in our country. Obesity has become a threat to the health of many children. Childhood obesity has more than doubled in children and quadrupled in adolescents in the past 30 years. The percentage of children aged 6–11 years in the United States who were obese increased from 7% in 1980 to nearly 18% in 2012. Similarly, the percentage of adolescents aged 12–19 years who were obese increased from 5% to nearly 21% over the same period.
“Over the last 20 years, the prevalence of obesity in children aged 6 to 11 years has tripled from 6.5% to 19.6%” (Childhood Obesity Epidemic). As a nation statistics should be alarming. Why are American children today so obese? Before pointing fingers at any one reason, one must consider the causes of obesity. The sources are varied.
Within the past three decades, the childhood obesity rate has increased three-hundred percent (Crouse par. 3). This also means that ten percent of children worldwide are overweight or obese (“Childhood Obesity” par. 33). According to the Centers for Disease Control being overweight is defined as, “having excess body weight for a particular height from fat, muscle, bone, water or a combination of these factors.” On the other hand, they define obesity as having excess body fat (“Child Obesity Facts” par.1).