Childhood obesity is a difficult problem with our growing children today. Childhood obesity not only affect the child, but it also the people around them. Childhood obesity cause serious health issues, from heart disease to diabetes. According to Farhat (2010), twenty years ago there was just a hand full of children that were overweight, mostly because of a hormonal or genetic disorder. According to the United States Department of Health and Human Services (2013), the number of children aged 6 through11 that were obese, increased from 7 percent in 1980, to nearly 30 percent in 2011.
“At present approximately 9 million children over 6 years of age are considered obese” (Mahshid Dehghan). Childhood obesity continues to increase every year. Childhood obesity has a lot of causes centering on an imbalance of energy taken in and the amount of energy used. Factors of childhood obesity include children having obese parents; low energy expenditure which is a low amount of physical activity is a factor and too much television which is a cause for low physical activity time. Another factor that influences childhood obesity is heredity.
The definition of obesity is having excess body fat. The incidence of childhood obesity is growing at an alarming rate. Nationally, it has doubled in young children over the past thirty years and quadrupled in adolescents. Locally, more than thirty three percent of Arkansans are overweight, placing Arkansas in the top ten percent of the most obese states. Nationally, the number of younger children, from six to eleven years old, in the United States who are considered to be obese based on the BMI scale (Body Mass Index), which is a measure of body fat based on the ratio of weight and height using a formula of fat to lean body mass, increased from seven percent to almost 18 percent in the year 2012.
Children who are overweight are 10x more likely to become overweight adults unless they change their eating habits and exercise. (“Childhood Obesity. Pg 1). 30% of adult obesity begins in childhood, it is also said obesity is the cause of 300,000 deaths a year and cost society an estimated $100 billion a year. Today, about one third of American’s children and teens are considered to be overweight or obese, it has nearly tripled in size since 1963 (“Childhood Obesity”.
The 95th percentile identifies children that are very likely to have obesity persist in adulthood, and is associated with elevated blood pressure and lipids in older adolescents, and an increased risk of diseases. The 95th percentile is also a sign that the child needs aggressive treatment (American Obesity Association, 2014). Obesity among children is increasing on a day-to-day basis. Between 5-25 percent of children and teens in the United States are obese: about 15.5 percent of adolescents (age 12-19) and 15.3 percent of children (ages 6-11). Of children, 7 percent were obese from 1976-1980, 11 percent from 1988-1994, and most recently 15.3 percent from 1999-2000.
Unfortunately, instead of the child obesity rate decreasing, it has nearly tripled over the past few decades! With that said, childhood obesity is impacting the youth of America, and overall affecting our society through different aspects, which typically continue into adulthood. The things children f... ... middle of paper ... ...besity. Works Cited Green, Gregory; Riley, Clarence; Hargrove, Brenda. “Physical Activity and Childhood Obesity:Strategies and Solutions for Schools and Parents.” Education 132.4 Summer 2012: p915-920.
Within the past three years obesity among children has tripled. Childhood obesity is considered the number one health threat in America. Childhood obesity has become a major issue facing America. And today over “nine million” (Selicia 4, May) United States children are overweight and obese. Sadly “2 million” (Tanner 2005) of these children are at risk for type 2 diabetes.
Obesity in the United States continues growing alarmingly. Approximately 66 % of adults and 33 % of children and teenagers in the US are overweight. Obesity is the result of fat accumulated over time due to the lack of a balanced diet and exercise. An adult with a BMI (body mass index) higher than thirty percent is considered obese (Whitney & Rolfes, 2011, pg. 271).
It states about obesity occurring to children and adolescents that has passed since 30 years. The first stage of this phenomenon starts as a person being overweight which will lead to obesity. More than one-third of children and adolescents were overweight or obese. The result for both of these terms is a caloric-imbalance which is an amount of too few calories that is consumed and is affected by many genetics, behavioral, and environmental factors. From this source CDC gives a specific estimate percentage of children aged 6–11 years that is more overly obese.
The BMI is calculated from your height and weight. Studies for childhood/adolescent obesity target the age group of 2-19 years old. When the child/adolescent is at or above the 85% through the 95% range on the BMI chart, they are considered to be overweight. Anything above the 95% mark is considered obese. According to the studies from the Center for Disease Control, since 2008, is has become more common to find children obese, instead of just overweight.