The Mother of the Freedom Movement
In 1955, an African-American seamstress helped cause the civil rights movement in the United States, and her name was Rosa Parks. Rosa Parks was an African-American civil rights activist. Many know her by “the first lady of civil rights” or “the mother of the freedom movement.” Rosa Parks once said, “I’d see the bus pass everyday, but to me, that was a way of life; we had no choice but to accept what was the custom. The bus was among the first ways I realized there was a black world and a white world.” (The Story Behind The Bus) After she said this, she knew she had to take a stand against segregation and do everything in her power to change it.
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was born on February 4th, 1913 in Tuskegee, Alabama to her parents James McCauley and Leona Edwards. Eventually in 1915, Rosa’s parents divorced and her mother took her and her brother to live in Pine Level. In Pine Level, Rosa lived with her grandparents most of the time. Rosa was homeschooled until she was eleven years old, and she then attended a public school called Industrial School for Girls. She took vocational and academic courses, and she also started laboratory school for a secondary education, but unfortunately she never got to finish because she was forced to drop out to take care of her ill grandmother. Growing up, Rosa was influenced by the Jim Crow Laws, these laws segregated white people from black people in almost everything they did, including public restrooms, drinking fountains, education and transportation. Transportation for the blacks was very different than the whites, the whites were allowed to ride the bus to take them to their schools while the blacks were required to walk to their schools. Public t...
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...t neither of them would take a stand for what they believed in because they thought no one would agree or try to help them change these laws.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott took place from December 5, 1955, to December 20, 1956. This boycott was when African Americans refused to ride any city buses in Montgomery, Alabama, to protest against segregated seating. 40,000 people were already organized in this boycott only two days after Parks’ arrest. Many whites tried to stop the boycott by trying to separate the black community, and they also tried to break down the private taxi system that allowed the blacks to have a source of transportation. More than 66 percent of people that rode these buses were blacks, causing tons of buses to start suffering economically. The Montgomery Boycott changed a lot, but this biggest effect it had was to stop segregation towards blacks.
Rosa Parks was a black American who it has been said, started the black civil rights movement. Rosa Parks was fro Montgomery, and in Montgomery they had a local low that black people were only allowed to sit in a few seats on the public buses and if a white person wanted their set, they would have to give it up. On one bus journey Parks was asked to move for a white person, she refused and the police were call and she was arrested and convicted of breaking the bus laws.
Rosa Parks was a African American woman who sat in the front of the bus after a long hard day at work. As she traveled on the bus back home, a Caucasian male approached and asked her to get up from her seat to go to the back of the bus because he wanted to sit there. Instead of avoiding the trouble and just going to the back of the bus, she decided to stay where she was . Due to the time period, because of her not giving her seat up to the gentlemen, she was arrested and charged with civil disobedience. After her arrest was made a boycott would ensue
The Montgomery Bus Boycott was significant because it was regarded as the earliest mass protest on
The Montgomery bus boycott was caused when Rosa Parks, an African American woman on December 1, 1955 refused to obey the bus driver James Blake’s that demanded that she give up her seat to a white man. Because she refused, police came and arrested her. During her arrest and trial for this act of civil disobedience, it triggered the Montgomery Bus Boycott, one of the largest and most successful mass movements against racial segregation in history. Her role in American history earned her an iconic status in American culture, and her actions have left an enduring legacy for civil rights movements around the world. Soon after her arrest, Martin Luther King Jr. led a boycott against the public transportation system because it was unfair. This launched Martin Luther King, Jr., one of the organizers of the
Rosa Parks was a member of the NAACP, lived in Montgomery Alabama, and rode the public bus system. In the south, during this time the buses were segregated which meant that black people had to ride in the back of the bus behind a painted line. White people entered the front of the bus and were compelled to sit in front of the painted line. Most buses at the time had more room for white riders who used the service less than the black ridership. Yet, they could not cross the line even if the seats in the front were empty (Brown-Rose, 2008). Rosa Parks made a bold statement when she sat in the “white section” of a Montgomery bus. She was asked to surrender her seat to a white man, but she did not move and was soon arrested. Her brave action started the Montgomery bus Boycott, with the help of the NAACP, none other than Dr. Martin Luther King’s leadership as part of the Montgomery Improvement Association. As its President, he was able spread the word quickly which brought national attention to the small town of Montgomery’s bus Boycott. The boycott was televised and brought so much attention that the United States Supreme Court ruled that segregation on public transportation was unconstitutional; a success spurring a more
Rosa became tired of waiting for the world to change on its own, or was afraid that it will never change, so she revolted against the unfair prejudice laws and has successfully made African-Americans equal and inspired many to stand up for justice. When faced with a situation where wrong and hurtful things are being done, people should follow Rosa Park’s remarkable example and not be afraid to say or do something to stop them from happening, no matter who they are. Rosa Parks has shown marvelously, anyone can be a hero. Rosa Parks now stand for symbol of fight for equal rights and freedom.
The Montgomery bus boycott began with a 42 year old woman, Rosa Parks, being arrested for not giving up her seat on the bus so that a white male could sit. E.D Nixon and Jo Anne Robinson, heads of the local Women’s Political Council were trying to draw attention to the injustice and unfair circumstances the African Americans were suffering in Montgomery. The Arrest of Rosa Parks gave them an example of misconduct to base the boycott on. They called a mass meeting in the Holt street baptist church and produced close to 50 000 leaflets with basic instructions saying “don't ride the bus to school, town or work on Monday december 5th”. Martin Luther King Jr, a young advocate for non violent civil disobedience led the boycott boycott which lasted
Throughout the African American civil rights movement opportunities were sought to spark a chance at improving conditions in the south. Rosa Parks refusing to give up her seat on the Montgomery, Alabama bus was the fire to that spark. Rosa, standing up for herself something anyone person in today’s world would do, was arrested and put in jail. While Rosa was in jail she caught the eye of many people in the Civil Rights Movement, including the leaders. The Civil Rights leaders protested her arrest and hired lawyers to aid her in her trial. Although she was found guilty and was fined fourteen dollars for the cost of the court case, which lasted on thirty minutes, she wasn’t done yet. Rosa Parks has affected the society we live in today in many ways, she is the most influential person the black community has ever seen.
Rosa Parks was an African-American women who was tired of being treated differently just because of her skin color. She was a very kind woman who fought against all the laws and segregation. Rosa was born in 1913 in Tuskegee, Alabama and died in 2005 in Detroit, Michigan (RM, plc. "Rosa (Louise McCauley) Parks"4). She did something that broke the law at the time but it changed this place and its keeps being an impact to everyone now in present days (Armentrout, DavidArmentrout, Patricia. "ALABAMA: Rosa Parks."1 ). She was on a Boycott bus on December 1, 1955 when the bus filled up and the African-Americans were supposed to give their seat up to the Americans but Rosa didn’t (Badertscher 1). She was 42 at this time so she knew what she was doing and she decided to do it anyways ("Rosa Parks"1). When she refused to give her seat up they ended up taking her to jail because she was breaking a law at the moment (Badertscher 7). She went to jail for something unfair, she was tired of getting no respect and treated like if she nobody or nothing in this world.
How important are rights and equality? How many would walk 20 miles a day in rain or snow just to get the point across that bus segregation, among other forms of segregation are unjust or how many would be willing to give up their lives, jobs, protection for their families, homes, friends and others for change that is deserved? Rosa Louise McCauley Parks among many other civil right activists did just that. Rosa went through many struggles and trials in her life for the fight for freedom. She was an amazing example to all people, not just African Americans. Even though she wasn't well educated she still made a huge impact in society. By Rosa Parks refusing to give up her seat on the bus, she changed society in many ways: she gave hope to those races that wanted change and equal rights for themselves.
First and foremost, the Montgomery Bus Boycott is when Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white American on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama on December 1, 1955. Also the same day as December 1 1955 there was a protest against segregation on public transport. In the 1900 Alabama passed a city ordinance for the segregation passengers. The bus was segregated to divide and equal up the blacks and the white passengers. The buses use a sign that said “white people forward and colored rear.” The black people always sit at the back of the bus and never directly opposite a white person, and the white people sit in the front of the bus. On the Montgomery bus there were always the first four rows of seats reserved for white people but if you needed more seating they could move the sign back where the white people would have room to sit (“ Montgomery Bus Boycott ”) .
At the peak of the 20th century's Civil Rights Movement era, Montgomery's African American citizens began the Montgomery Bus Boycott. The city bus boycott originally began on December 1, 1955 when a young woman named Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white passenger on the bus. Because of Parks' refusal, she and a few of her colleagues were thrown off the city bus and arrested for disturbing the "peace" AKA "Civil Disobedience". This incident trial blazed an eleven-month long bus boycott in the city of Montgomery that would change not only Montgomery, AL, but America for the better for decades to come. Many Americans have no interest in learning about African American history or the Civil Rights Movement. Consequently, many individuals
The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a campaign that is officially considered to have lasted from December 1st 1955, and lasted for 381 days until December 20th 1956. The reason for the campaign was to achieve de-segregation on all Montgomery, Alabama busses, and then later all busses in America This essay will outline three causes, three consequences and other relevant information relating to this campaign.
Throughout the history of the United States, there have been many influential people who have lead the rebellion against the lawmakers of their time. One of the inspiring people is Rosa Parks. During Parks’ time of civil disobedience, the civil rights movement was at its height. Rosa “Parks was arrested for her act of civil disobedience and convicted of violating the Jim Crow laws that enforced racial segregation in the South” (Korpe), for refusing to give up her seat in a bus for a white man. Just one person, Parks, refusing to give up her seat on a bus lead to a bus boycott headed by Martin Luther King Jr.. Her actions gave her the title of “‘ the mother of the civil rights movement’”
Blacks walked miles to work, organized carpools, and despite efforts from the police to discourage this new spark of independence, the boycotts continued for more than a year until in November 1956 the Supreme Court ruled that the Montgomery bus company must desegregate it's busses. Were it not for the leadership of Rosa Parks and Jo Ann Robinson, and the support the black community through church congregations, these events may have not happened for many years to come.