Those refused to take part in the exodus or did not move fast enough were eliminated on the spot. Even the young, old and sickly were forced to take part in the exodus. All intellectual men or women or professional men were killed (even those who worked in the army). Civilian deaths during this period of time caused by execution, starvation disease and exhaustion are estimated to be well over two million, this is estimated to be twenty five percent of the population. Genocide is “the deliberate systematic murder of a certain race, ethnic group, or even a nation.” To a very high extent the mass killings in Cambodia can be considered as genocide because the Khmer Rouge deliberately and systematically attempted to destroy the people of Cambodian people.
“To spare you is no profit, to destroy you is no loss.” Pol Pot, the leader of the Khmer Rouge, once said this truly horrifying statement (Cambodian Genocide 1). It is no wonder that he went on to orchestrate the killings of more than two million innocent Cambodians. At the time of the mass killings in Cambodia, the Vietnam War was raging on. It is possible that the Vietnam War masked the true horrors of what was happening in Cambodia. The terrible events left emotional scars and traumatized countless people.
Also, thousands were killed on farms and labor camps at the killing fields and pits. Plus, it all happened because of Pol Pot and the Kmer Rouge trying to make Cambodia like the Maoist China. Pol Pot and the Kmer Rouge would kill anyone for any reason. Finally, The Cambodian genocide was one of the greatest tragedies of all time and we should all stay aware of prejudice to avoid yet another genocide.
They overthrew the government and proceeded with their plan. All intellectuals and educated such as doctors and lawyers were killed, Along with all un-communist aspects of traditional Cambodia. The struggle is that the Khmer Rouge was ready to kill you if you were educated in a field such as being a doctor, lawyer, engineer, and scientist. The ones who were not killed were sent to labor camps. “The imposition of a murderous regime always leaves its leaders afraid: afraid of losing power, failing to prevent vengeance, a... ... middle of paper ... ...r genocide.
When he finally lost his scholarship four years later and returned to Cambodia, Pot joined the underground Communist Movement. The Infamous Khmer Rouge was formed in 1963 when Pol Pot became leader of the Communist Party and was forced to flee into the jungle by the leader of Cambodia, Prince Nordom Sihanouk. Six years later the American Military began carpet bombing Cambodia to eliminate the North Vietnamese. Although it was indigenous, Pol Pot would not have gotten the support he had from the Cambodian people without US economic and military destabilisation Many Cambodians were traumatized from the bombings, which drove a great majority of them into the hands of Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge. However, even with the Khmer Rouge growing rapidly the bombings of Cambodia intensified i... ... middle of paper ... ... to an international tribunal.
These divisions were “full rights”, “candidates”, and “depositees”. He killed nearly one-quarter of the country’s population. Pol Pot was a very cruel man. He tortured... ... middle of paper ... ...rible for all of Cambodia. Things that happened in the Khmer Rouge years are still around today.
During the Khmer Rouge regime, Cambodia was turned into a giant labor camp creating a system of terror, genocide, and attempted cultural annihilation-a series of drastic events that the country is still recovering from. The years contained within this regime were devastating for the nation of Cambodia, with the establishment of the Khmer Rouge, a left-wing Communist political party whose actions have had an overwhelmingly detrimental effect on the political, economic and social structure of Cambodia-ruining the lives of millions. As a strong communist organization with aims for Cambodia that would leave the country in dire need of help, the Khmer Rouge defectively impacted the easy-going life Cambodians knew. With much determination, the Khmer Rouge was an insurgent movement of varying ideological backgrounds developed against the Lon Nol regime in 1960 (Rowat 2006). It began as a left-wing organization made up of a small group of French educated communists, but soon grew to become Cambodia?s leading and most influential political party.
This Political organization was led by a man with the radical name Pol Pot. This communist regime without a doubt would have slaughtered more of its own people if it weren’t for the invasion of Cambodia by the Vietnamese Army. This invasion ended the horror of the Cambodian population and the rule of terror by the Khmer Rouge. The leader of the Khmer Rouge was a man named Sa... ... middle of paper ... ...oners were also jailed in these facilities. The families of the prisoners were also tortured into giving force confessions.
Much poverty today in Cambodia can be traced to the Khmer Rouge, and much potential was lost in Cambodia after intellectuals, scientists, and other educated people that could have helped rebuild the country were killed during the genocide. Mines that were laid by the Khmer Rouge have resulted in numerous injuries and deaths. Although a Khmer Rouge Tribunal had been called for as early as 1994, the trials only began in the summer of 2007. In 2010, Kaing Guek Eav (known as Brother Duch), the head of the infamous S-21 prison camp, was sentenced to 35 years in prison for crimes against humanity. In 2013, Nuon Chea ("Brother Number Two") was put on trial.
Mao Zedong’s policies caused the deaths of tens of millions of Chinese and resulted in one of the worst famines in world history (Rummel 234). The Khmer Rouge in Cambodia led by Pol Pot carried out a genocide that killed 2 million Cambodians from a population of only 8 million (Heuveline 54). These were all communist governments that used Marxism as a framework to rule. Unfortunately, Marx’s ideas were stripped down and repurposed to fulfill the goals of each