The Maya Civilization The ancient Maya once occupied a vast geographic area in Central America. Their civilization inhabited an area that encompasses Mexico's Yucatan peninsula and parts of the states of Chiapas and Tabasco, as well as Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, and El Salvador. "From the third to the ninth century, Maya civilization produced awe-inspiring temples and pyramids, highly accurate calendars, mathematics and hieroglyphics, and a complex social and political order" ("Collapse..." 1). Urban centers were important to the Maya during the Classic period; they offered the Mayans a central place to practice religion. The Mayan culture can be traced back to 1500 BC, entering the Classic period about 300 AD and flourishing between 600 and 900 AD.
"Toni Morrison." Empire Zine <http://www.empirezine.com/spotlight/toni-morrison/toni-morrison.htm> (accessed on September 6, 2001) Morrison, Toni Sula. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. 1973. "Morrison, Toni." Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2000.
The temples were designed to look like the land when the gods first created the world. The stepped “truncated” pyramids represent mountains; the temples on ... ... middle of paper ... ...he Classic period of Mayan Architecture lasted approximately 600 years (Culbert 160). Within this relatively short time, the Mayans created a civilization that can only be paralleled with that of the ancient Egyptians and Romans. “ The architecture of this extremely productive period reflected the Mayans culture immensely.” (Miller, 51) The layouts of their settlements are comparable to no other civilization on earth. Mayan Temples, pyramids, and ball courts still persevere today, revealing an entire culture’s genius at architecture and construction.
Foster, Lynn V. Handbook to Life in the Ancient Maya World. New York, NY: Facts on File, 2002. Print. Harris, Nathaniel 1937-, and Elizabeth 1941- Graham. National Geographic Investigates Ancient Maya: Archaeology Unlocks the Secrets to the Maya's past.
The Aztec The Aztec was a culture that dominated the Valley of Mexico in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. All the Nahua-speaking peoples in the Valley of Mexico were Aztecs, while the culture that dominated the area called the Tenochca. At the time of the European conquest, they called themselves either "Tenochca" or "Toltec," which was the name assumed by the bearers of the Classic Mesoamerican culture. Sadly, the many of the Aztec didn't survive after the arrival of the Europeans. But during the earlier years, the Aztec became one of the most advanced civilizations because of their religion, war, and agriculture.
"The Echinodermata". *http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/users/gregory/echinodermata.html* (18 Oct 2000). 5. "Brittle Star". *http://lycoskids.infoplease.com/ce5/CE007562.html* (23 Oct 2000).
The paper would then be burned in an offering to the gods. It was believed that the priests could see the spirits in the smoke.Kings would also give blood offerings, which would please the gods. The Maya had a strong belief in the afterlife. When a king or nobleman died, the Maya people believed that he became one with the gods and would go to live in the sky with them. The Maya worshipped their ancestors as if they were gods.
Often dreams were interpreted. A later and popular method involved the use of entranced persons whose ecstatic cries were interpreted by trained attendants. Before an oracle was questioned consultants underwent rites of purification and sacrifice. There were many established oracles in ancient Greece, the most famous being those of Zeus at Dodona and of Apollo at Delphi and at Didyma in Asia Minor. Other oracular shrines were located in Syria, Egypt, and Italy.
However, The South Indians have put their pyramids to religious use, they serve as Holy temples. As far back as the Pyramid of Khufu to the modern day like pyramids found in France. Pyramid based structures are proven through researches to be used all around the world. Works Cited http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyramid
(New Haven: Yale University Press, c1991). Danner, Mark. The massacre at El Mozote. (A Vintage Original, c1993) "El Salvador". Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2001. http://encarta.msn.com (8 Nov. 2001)(2000 Microsoft Corporation) Haggerty, Richard.