These platform-raised buildings were known as Ziggurats. The ziggurat was the major architectural structure for the founders of the Mesopotamian civilization (3500 and 3000 B.C.E); “the Sumerians.” Ziggurats were constructed using sun-dried baked stones that prevented it from lasting longer like the pyramids in Egypt. The most famous of them all was the ziggurat of King Urnammu at Ur in Iraq, although not as old as the pyramid’s of Giza. The lower levels of the ziggurats are covered with planted trees and dirt just to give it a mountainous effect. There is a belief that the gods lived on mountains thereby bringing the worshippers closer to heaven.
Their arts had a part in their religion. They drew pictures that told about their gods. They recorded religious events with hieroglyphics and even number symbols. The Aztecs worshipped about 1,000 gods! But they worshipped the sun god the most.
The Mayans are an extraordinary culture but I find that their beliefs are truly what make them fascinating. The Mayans believe in polytheism which is the belief in or worship of more than one god. Their beliefs involve more than that though, their beliefs involve astronomy, divination, human sacrifice (in the past), elaborate burial services, and worship in pyramids. After 900 A.D., because of the Spanish conquering, most converted into Roman Catholicism but kept some Mayan practices such as Mayan cosmology, deities, and domestic rituals. There is not very ... ... middle of paper ... ...depth, it is amazing the facts I found out about them and how they became the culture they are.
Two ... ... middle of paper ... ...pagan civilization. This theory has very small evidence to support it and seems to be based more on prejudices of early humans before modern religion than anything else. It seems that the purpose of this structure can only be theorized. The true purpose of Stonehenge seems to be lost to time. In conclusion, I believe the reason for the Mayan civilization to diminish, is overpopulation since they have exhausted their lands and it couldn’t sustain more population.
The Mayan best-known as the classical civilizations of Mesoamerica which Originate in the Yucatán around 2600 B.C.. They rose to be well known around A.D. 250. The Mayan is well known in developing astronomy, calendrical systems and hieroglyphic writing. Besides that, they were also known for their elaborate and highly decorated ceremonial architecture, including the temple-pyramids, palaces and observatories, all were built without using metal tools. They were also skilled farmers, weavers and potters.
In every successful ancient civilization, there is always a driving force that cultures and educates their society. 4,000 years ago, the Mayans dominated the regions of South America in what is now known as Mexico, El Salvador, the Honduras, Belize, and Guatemala. The Mayans were consisted of several city-states that shared language, religion and traditions. They became wealthy by their domestication of agricultural, skilled potters, weavers, architects and painters; they were also one of the most highly developed civilization everywhere in the world when it came to their logical development especially Mathematics, medication, and astronomy. Their ways of life seem to be less aggressive and more imaginative than other large civilization of this time period.
Normally, ancient populations lived in much drier climates, where irrigation practices served as the foundation of societies. The Mayans excelled at pottery, hieroglyphic writing, making calendars, science, and mathematics. The Mayan Civilization, which extended through what is now Guatemala, began declining around AD 900, and researchers are debating as to what might have been the cause of this decline. The golden age of the Mayans occurred at around AD 250. They spread across forty cities, including Altun Ha, Caracol, Lamanai, and Tikal among many others.
They always build their cities and temples using Astronomy mostly on an East to West alignment, but there are some Early to Middle Pre-Classic examples of a Pleiades alignment in the Pacific Lowlands at sites such as: Ujuxte, Monte Alto and Tak 'alik Abaj. Aside from having religious functions, Mayan pyramids also had other purposes. The pyramids were built so high that their tops could be seen protruding out of the jungle. Because of this, the Mayan people were able to use them as landmarks. That was not the only significance of building them so high though.
"Religion is about creation, and for that reason religion should be about the earth." - Laurie Cabot. One might see hundreds of faces from different races, gender, and pop cultures. But behind each face is a brain, with spirit and personal beliefs, like religion. When many Americans believe that everyone is Christian or Catholic, some people practice an ancient religion.
The Mayans were known for their engineering, one structure they were famous for is their pyramid temple in Tikal (Document 1). This pyramid was the tallest structure in the Americas up until the 20th century and is still standing today. The government must have been strong and well organized in order to carry out such a large task. The Mayan religion had multiple gods and this pyramid was most likely devoted to one or used as a place for sacrifices. Another accomplishment of the Mayans was the creation of their calendar.